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Kansas Physician Confirms Howard Report

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  • #31
    Dr. Benjamin Howard and Captain Paul Boyton

    In 1875 Captain Paul Boyton crossed the English channel in an inflatable rubber suit while Dr. Benjamin Howard served him tea and sandwiches.

    America: An Encyclopaedia of Its History and Biography (Chicago:Borland, 1881), Page 753
    By Stephen Morrell Newman


    1875. May 28. A successful trip in floating across the English channel in an India rubber suit was made by Capt. Paul Boyton, who had tried it in April preceding, but had failed through lack of cooperation. He set out at three o'clock in the morning, and vigorously paddled himself away from the shore, he was attended by Dr. Howard of New York, who kept near him in a boat, and gave the swimmer his meals during the day. He ate beef sandwiches, and drank strong tea. Sleepiness almost overcame him at one time, but he was brought out of it by his breakfast. An English steamer came across the channel to note the trip, and Capt. Boyton was cheered on his way by sundry encouragements. His trip consumed most of the following night, but at two and one half o'clock, on Saturday morning, he touched the English shore. The voyage had occupied twenty-three and one-half hours. The ill effects of the effort were only temporary. Telegrams of congratulation came in upon the party from Queen Victoria, and other dignitaries. Capt. Boyton was afterward feted and feasted.


    A multi-page advertisement which describes the suit:

    Handbook of European Commerce (London: Samson Low, 1876), Pages ???-???
    By George Sauer

    The Boyton Life Dress Company

    The St. James's Magazine and United Empire Review, Volume 36, 1875, Pages 532-539
    By Mrs. S. C. Hall

    Across The Channel With Captain Boyton. (Part 1)


    Page 534 has a long footnote about Dr. Howard:

    I may here state what we learnt subsequently—that Captain Boyton, on landing at Audresselles in the afternoon, fresh and strong after his seven miles' paddle from Boulogne, was escorted to the Franzelle Hotel, where he immediately had a warm bath and an hour's rest. On the former trip he was attended by Dr. Thomas Diver, of Southsea; but inasmuch as Mr. Michael Boyton declared that the doctor did him "more harm than good," he was this time attended by Dr. Benjamin Howard, of New York. Dr. Howard (founder of the American Humane Society), being a compatriot and knowing Captain Boyton personally, understood his patient's habits and constitution, and treated him on "common-sense" principles; that is to say, physiologically—throwing physic to the dogs. For instance, just before the Captain went to bed—after most good-naturedly putting on his life-saving dress for the inspection of a French lady, notwithstanding the work he had just done and the still greater work he had to do—Dr. Howard allowed him to take a very little underdone beefsteak, one cigar, and a small quantity of weak brandy and water. Having rested for a short time, Captain Boyton, Dr. Howard, Mr. Merridew (of Boulogne), Baron At la Touche (Sub-Prefect of the Pas de Calais), and others drove to the place of rendezvous, taking with them the life-saving dress, paddle, sail, etc. When they arrived, the Captain felt rather sleepy, and Dr. Howard gave him some beef-tea, but no brandy; and finally, just before entering the water, a little green tea—as being a better stimulant and more lasting in its effects than alcohol. Dr. Howard's system had always proved so successful, that Captain Boyton, with the greatest confidence, placed himself unreservedly in his hands, and Mr. Michael Boyton scrupulously carried out all Dr. Howard's instructions.

    --end excerpt

    [Can't find part 2]

    New York Times, June 14, 1875, Page 2


    Four page article:

    The Penny Illustrated Paper and Illustrated Times (London, England), June 05, 1875; Pages 353-

    Captain Boyton's Successful Voyage Across the Channel

    New York Tribune, June 11, 1875, Page 2



    Capt. Boyton has arrived on board, fatigued, but in
    usual health. He has had a warm sponge bath, hot
    milk punch, and is now in warm blankets. Pulse and
    temperature are not appreciably disturbed. The painful
    irritation of his face from exposure to the sun and brine is
    his chief cause of complaint. This is being allayed by
    inunction. He complains of great stiffness of the joints.
    He is in bounding spirits, and proposed leaving for London
    in a few hours. BENJAMIN HOWARD, M. D.,
    Hon. Sec. of Life-Saving Society of New-York.

    Attached Files


    • #32
      Michael Boyton and the Land League

      After the "Life Dress" business faltered, Captain Boyton's brother Michael became involved with the Land League in Ireland.

      Twenty-Five Years in the Secret Service: The Recollections of a Spy (London: Heinemann, 1893), Pages 156-157
      By Henri Le Caron

      The name of Boyton, whom I did not know at the time, but who was, as I learnt, a brother of Boyton the swimmer, engaged as a League organiser in Ireland, then came up, and I was informed that Boyton was one of those occupied in developing the new policy. By this I mean active warfare aux Clanna-Gael as distinct from the constitutional work openly advocated by the Land League. Devoy remarked regarding this active policy that it was being well looked after, but would take time to complete.

      Devoy's confidences were in fact most exhaustive, and enabled me to send quite an interesting budget by the next mail to Mr. [Robert] Anderson.

      Page 179

      This meeting with Boyton [in Kilmainham Prison] was full of interest to me. He was the man, it will be remembered, who had been named by Devoy as carrying out the arrangements for the "active" policy of Ireland, and who was best known as the brother of Captain Boyton the swimmer.

      --end excerpts

      Michael Boyton's lawyer was quite the kidder.

      Report of the Trial of the Queen at the Prosecution of the Rt. Hon. the Attorney-General against Charles Stewart Parnell, &c. (Dublin: 1881), Page 842

      "I forgot, gentlemen, to tell you that my client, Mr. Boyton, is a brother of Captain Paul Boyton, and after that I think I will get on swimmingly with you."

      New York Times, March 28, 1881, link




      [I think this article may be incorrect when it says Michael Boyton was born in the U.S.]


      • #33
        Joseph and Frank Hatton

        The 1995 Michael O'Mara Books Limited paperback edition of The True Face of Jack the Ripper by Melvin Harris quotes a letter by Joseph Hatton that appeared in The People of January 31, 1896, in response to Dr. Benjamin Howard's complaint about an 1895 article adapted from the Chicago Times version of the Dr. Howard story. Hatton said, in part, that "I always remember you [Howard] as an appreciative acquaintance of the dear son whom I lost and of whom you predicted great things."

        A couple of biographical sketches of Joseph Hatton:

        A Critical Dictionary of English Literature, and British and American Authors (Philadelphia:Lippincott, 1892), Volume 2, Page 786
        By Samuel Austin Allibone

        Hatton, Joseph, b. 1839, at Andover, Derbyshire; has edited several provincial and London papers, and in 1868-74 was editor of the Gentleman's Magazine. He has several times visited the United States, and since his first visit in 1876 has acted as London correspondent of the New York Times. He has contributed to periodicals, and adapted plays and novels for the stage. [...]

        --end excerpt

        Dictionary of National Biography: Second Supplement (New York: MacMillan, 1912), Volume 2, Page 223
        edited by Sir Sidney Lee

        HATTON, JOSEPH (1841-1907) [...] In 1892 Hatton became editor of the 'People,' a conservative Sunday newspaper [...]

        --end excerpt

        The New York times, Jubilee Supplement, September 18, 1901, Page 23

        Appointed in 1884 to succeed Mr. Joseph Hatton, who had for several years sent gossipy and entertaining letters to the paper [NYT] from London, Mr. [Harold] Frederic brought to the work the intuitions of a trained newspaper man, and, albeit an entire stranger in London, compelled from the start recognition of his ability by all with whom he was thrown into contact.

        --end excerpt

        Profile with pictures:

        The Strand Magazine, Volume 9, 1895, Page 188

        Mr. Joseph Hatton

        New York Times, August 1, 1907, link


        English Journalist, Novelist, and Playwright Was Born In 1841

        Joseph talks about his son, Frank:

        The Literary World, Volume 51, May 3, 1895, Page 414, Columns 2-3

        'Yes,' said Mr. Joseph Hatton to an interviewer recently, 'I once had a great ambition; it was for my son Frank, my only son, a fine fellow, a man at eighteen, modest, clever, educated in France and at King's College, London, and in the laboratories of South Kensington; an authority on bacteria before he was twenty, a Fellow of the Chemical Society, and an Associate of the Institute of Chemistry; soon afterwards appointed Scientific Explorer to the British North Borneo Company, and before he was twenty-two (March 1,1883) only a memory, but to me the sweetest—if the saddest—in all my knowledge of things.' Until recently a cross of the hard wood of Borneo marked the grave of the young scientist in the little jungle cemetery of Sandakan. It was placed there by Sir Alfred Dent, then chairman of the Company. It will now be supplemented by a memorial from Joseph and Louisa Hatton in the shape of a handsomely decorated marble cross duly inscribed to Frank Hatton's memory, and bearing upon the pedestal the following tributes:

        He was as popular among his brother officers as he was trusted by the natives who followed him so faithfully to his death.— Governor Treacher.

        Peace to the young explorer's ashes! As the feathery palms of Sandakan wave over his untimely grave they whisper anew the old truth, that high aims, a firm purpose, and honest work ennoble the man, though Fate may deny him the fruition of his labours.—Sir Walter Medhurst.

        The British North Borneo Company had already erected a memorial to Frank Hatton and other comrades whose names are associated with the first days of its Government. 'Mount Hatton' also overlooks the river where the Company's popular young officer lost his life. 'North Borneo' (Sampson Low, Marston, and Co.) is an interesting record of the young fellow's career, a romance in its way, with many dainty illustrations from The Century Magazine, which published his biography and some special drawings by his sister. Helen H. Hatton, and her husband, Mr. W. H. Margetson.

        --end excerpt

        A couple of biographical sketches of Frank Hatton:

        Dictionary of National Biography (New York: MacMillan, 1891), Volume 25, Pages 164-165
        edited by Sir Leslie Stephen, Sir Sidney Lee

        HATTON, FRANK (1861-1883), explorer, second child of Joseph Hatton, journalist and novelist, born at Horfield, near Bristol, on 31 Aug. 1861, was educated at Marcq, near Lille, and King's College School. He afterwards attended the Royal School of Mines, South Kensington, of which he became an associate at the age of twenty. He gained a wide acquaintance with science, especially geology and chemistry, by practical work in the laboratory and the field, and had already made an important research on bacteria, when he was appointed mineral explorer to the British North Borneo Company. He left England in August 1881, and arrived at Labuan in October, and on 19 Nov. at Abai, Keppel province. After a two months' expedition to the Sequati and Kurina rivers, he had to recruit his health at Singapore. From March to June 1882 he explored the Labuk river round to Bongon, but found few traces of minerals. From July to October he explored the Kinoram district. After another rest at Singapore he started on 19 Dec. for Sandakan, and journeyed up and down the Kinabatangan until near the end of February, when h« reached the Segamah river. On 1 March 1883, while returning from pursuing an elephant, he was killed by the accidental discharge of his rifle, which caught in the thick jungle. His work, so far as it had gone, and his diaries give evidence of high promise as a scientific explorer. He had the true explorer's temperament, power of command, fertility of resource in presence of danger, cool courage and self-control, and was a bright and engaging companion. Hatton contributed to the 'Biograph' about twenty sketches of living men of science; to 'Bradstreets' (an American journal) several articles on technical chemistry; to the'Whitehall Review' an article on ' The Adventures of a Drop of Thames Water;' and to the 'Transactions' of the Chemical Society (1881) two papers ' On the Action of Bacteria on Various Gases,' and 'On the Influence of Intermittent Filtration through Sand and Spongy Iron on Animal and Vegetable Matters dissolved in Water, and the Reduction of Nitrates by savage and other agents.'

        [Biographical Sketch, with letters and diaries from North Borneo, by Joseph Hatton, 1886.]

        G. T. B

        --end excerpt

        Journal of the Chemical Society, Volume 43, 1883, Page 257
        By Chemical Society (Great Britain), Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)

        Mr. Frank Hatton was the only son of Mr. Joseph Hatton, Author and Journalist. The newspapers of Monday last (March 26th) record his death, in Borneo, whilst out elephant hunting, when his rifle caught in the bushes, and he was thus accidentally shot through the lungs, and died instantly. A career of something more than promise was thus closed at the early age of 22. [...]

        --end excerpt

        Frank Hatton's account of the journey of a raindrop down the Thames refers to the wreck of the Princess Alice. Elizabth Stride claimed to be a survivor of this incident.

        North Borneo: Explorations and Adventures on the Equator (London: Sampson Low, 1885), Page 47
        By Frank Hatton


        Now our drop passed the spot where the Princess Alice went down. This was the worst place on the river—one might say the most polluted. The accumulated filth of four millions of people had been shot into the stream, that stream which already carried the refuse of considerable townships, villages, works, and factories. The scene was pleasant enough, in spite of the river, and the people on board the ill-fated vessel were most likely enjoying the bright prospect of the country. There is a peculiarly horrible feature in this catastrophe, which was not sufficiently dwelt upon. It was not alone the water that drowned the victims of the collision; they were choked by the filth. One mouthful of the Thames at that spot is enough to poison any one. It killed the strong swimmer. A little of the water bubbled into his mouth, and then, sick and fainting from the nauseous matter he has swallowed, he sank. This was the fate of many victims of the Princess Alice catastrophe. The newspapers called attention to the horrible fact'. There was an inquiry instituted, which ended, as most of these commissions do end—in nothing. There is much ado and writing of Blue Books, much money is spent and orders are given, and when the report is bound and put on the shelf, the work of her Majesty's Government is too often considered at an end.

        --end excerpt


        • #34
          Hattons Again

          In his biography of his son Frank, Joseph Hatton quotes an "American doctor" and a "medical friend."

          North Borneo: Explorations and Adventures on the Equator (London: Sampson Low, 1885), Page 24
          By Frank Hatton

          "That boy of yours," said an American doctor, " gets to the bottom of things, he can't help it; if there is anything to find in Borneo, he will find it!"

          Page 28

          Consulting a medical friend, who knew Frank well, as to the influences of a hot climate upon a boy of his physique, I told him that the only illness Frank had ever had was an attack of bronchitis. "He could not go to a better climate, then," said my friend; "it will help him, and after being immured for so long in the laboratories at Kensington, his system will receive a fillip out there, and the trip will make a man of him. But of course you will insure his life?"

          "No, indeed I will not," I said.

          "Then the Company must," he said.

          "Because he is going to a climate that will be good for him?"

          "Oh, no," said my friend, "but for the same reason that you make an extra and special insurance on your life when you go to America—in case of accident. Not that, to my thinking, he will run any more risks out there than he runs every day in London, especially as a tricyclist."

          "The cases have no point in common, let us not discuss them; do you think it is good for Frank to accept this appointment?"

          "Good! It is- a splendid chance for him—such a chance as falls to the lot of very few young fellows at the outset of a career."

          He saw that his remark about insurance had troubled me for the moment. And yet I let Frank go. When I came home after saying good-bye to him, his mother said, "I shall never see him again;" and yet I did not say, "Come back."


          A couple of large social occasions in London where both Joseph Hatton and a "Dr. Howard" were present:

          New York Times, August 8, 1880, link

          International Toasts

          A Banquet to Gen. Hawley in London

          New York Times, July 21, 1882, link



          A description of the American Exchange mentioned in the 1880 article:

          Puck, Volume 6, March 10, 1880, Page 4


          PUCK trusts that the few observations he is about to make with reference to Mess. Henry F. Gillig & Co.'s establishment in London, England, will not be looked upon in the light of an advertisement.

          This is not an advertisement. It is simply to point out to experienced and inexperienced American travelers that there is a delightful haven of rest at 449 Strand, London, always open to receive them with hospitable arms; where the free and independent American citizen can be in reality free and independent, and be put in the way that he should go, to avoid the pitfalls that for ever lie in the path of the perigrinating republican in Europe. Here are banking-offices and reading-rooms, with Puck and nearly every newspaper in the Union; emigration, land, commission and shipping departments; express and storage divisions.

          This American Exchange has acquired the reputation in England of being the absolute authority on things American. As such it was referred to by one of the liberal leaders of the British House of Commons.

          The existence of the Exchange is, however, a thorn in the side of some patriotic Britons, who object to the American flag being hoisted over the building, even on festive occasions. The following is a specimen of many letters that were received by Mr. Gillig a few months ago, soon after the stars and stripes had proudly floated in the breeze on a national holiday. It was about this time that a number of London roughs concluded to revenge the revolution of '76 by tearing down the building. Afterwards they changed their minds:

          Wareham, Dorset.
          Nov. 15th, 1879.

          Sir: .

          What is it you mean by this hoisting the American Flag in London? You call the place the American Exchange in Europe: then why don't you go boldly into Europe with it, not sneak in here to the first place of Shelter you find, and try to insult us. The British Lion may be more peaceable and free hearted than the French or German Eagle, but I warn you to be careful how you insult him. It is well for you, you are too much of a coward to stand by your flag now you have put it up, and I advise you to keep away now you are safe. You Yankees think because we have encouraged you by buying your things, helping you on with our money, you can do what you like with us. No! We remember how you turned us out of the country in 1776 and in 1812, and will take care you do not do it again in 1879. If I catch that flag going up again I, for one, am ready to give you or any other Yankee a bullet from one of your own Colt's pistols for playing such tricks here.

          A True Son Of Britain.


          • #35
            Clarke v. Hart - 1890

            By making multiple queries, I was able to tease the following text out of Google books from a book available only in "snippet" view:

            Hazell's Annual, Volume 1891, Page 360
            By E. D. Price

            In the case of Clarke v. Hart (Queen's Bench Div., Jan. 20th[, 1890]) it appeared that in November '88, when the "Jack the Ripper" scare was at its height, the defendant, a tobacconist, was acting as an amateur detective in Whitechapel. In consequence of his having made a communication to Scotland Yard the plaintiff, a doctor, was "shadowed" by detectives, and his house was visited and searched by the police. At the suggestion of the learned judge the defendant expressed his regret, and agreed to pay plaintiffs costs.


            This reminds me of this article:

            Bridgeport Morning News - Oct 10, 1888, Page 1

            Jekyll and Hyde

            Another account of the 1890 libel action:

            The Graphic (London, England), Saturday, January 25, 1890; Issue 1052, link

            Attached Files


            • #36
              Times on Clarke v. Hart

              I was able to consult the Times on microfilm at a nearby library and found this:

              Times (London), January 21, 1890, Page 3, Column 6

              Law Report, Jan. 20


              (Before MR. JUSTICE STEPHEN and a Common Jury)

              CLARK V. HART

              This was an action of slander brought by Dr. Clarke against a tobacconist who carries on business in Mare-street, Hackney.

              Mr. Morton Smith for the plaintiff; Mr. Holland for the defendant.

              The facts, as opened by counsel, were shortly that in November, 1888, when the Jack the Ripper scare was at its height, the defendant was acting as an amateur detective in Whitechapel. In consequence of his having made a communication to Scotland-yard the plaintiff was subjected to much annoyance. He was "shadowed" by detectives, and his house was visited and searched by the police, it being suggested that a man who was suspected and being followed had entered it. On a letter being written the only answer was that the defendant was only discharging his duty as a citizen. Counsel went on to say that even now plaintiff was willing to accept an apology and his expenses.

              At the suggestion of the learned Judge, counsel for the defendant consulted his client, and by consent a juror was withdrawn, the defendant expressing his regret that anything he had done had occasioned any pain to the plaintiff and agreeing to pay plaintiff's costs.

              Mr. JUSTICE STEPHEN said that as to the notion that every man had a duty to detect crime his only duty was to sit still unless he actually knew something about it. The amateur detection of crime only led to much inconvenience to all parties concerned.


              What's the deal with reporting on a court case without fully identifying the parties and their counsel?


              • #37
                Thread on Clarke v. Hart

                I just noticed that there's a thread on jtrforums about Clarke v. Hart which references an earlier thread here which I can't find.


                • #38
                  Dr. Jekyll Article

                  It looks like the Dr Jekyll of Grosvenor Square article mentioned earlier originated with the New York World. The World's London correspondent at that time was E. Tracy Greaves.

                  The Evening World (New York), October 09, 1888, 3 O'CLOCK, Page 1, Column 5

                  A STARTLING THEORY

                  Is It "Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde" in Real Life?

                  Whitechapel's Mystery May Have an Astounding Sequel

                  London's Detectives Said to Be Working on an Extraordinary Clue


                  London. Oct. 9.--I am informed by a gentleman
                  who stands in close relations at Scotland
                  Yard, that several of the leading detectives
                  have thrown over the clues and ideas
                  heretofore taken up and are working on an
                  entirely new and most remarkable theory.

                  This theory is that the horrible crimes
                  which have so disturbed the city and interested
                  tho entire world are the result of a case
                  in real life of "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde."
                  Furthermore, the detectives believe that the
                  existence of such a case Is directly attributable
                  to the excitement and morbid reflections
                  caused by a mind dwelling upon the circumstances
                  detailed in the story and play just

                  Parallels are ingeniously drawn between
                  the acts of the Whitechapel monster, who not
                  only kills but mutilates his victims, and the
                  frenzied bruiallty with which the Mr. Hyde
                  of the fiction stamps upon the girl, whom he
                  knocks down and injures in ths deserted and
                  echoing streets at midnight, as told in the
                  first part of the book.

                  Not only have the police been brought to
                  this astounding position, through what they
                  claim is direct evidence corroboratory of such
                  a theory, but they are industriously working
                  with a particular individual in view, and they
                  believe that they are truly upon the right
                  track. If it be so, London is promised for a
                  not far distant future a sensation of such
                  magnltude that the tragedies leading to it
                  will sink almost into insignificance beside it.

                  My informant tells me that a well-know
                  prosperous resident of Grosvenor square is
                  the man thus under police surveillance. He
                  moves in the best of society and is completely
                  removed from derogatory suspicion
                  among those who are his daily associates.

                  This man, however, as I am assured, has
                  been tracked and traced until it is absolutely
                  established that he does lead a double life.
                  This Dr. Jekyll lives for the eminently
                  respectable world in which he moves. The other self,
                  like Mr. Hyde, lives mysteriously, revoltingly.
                  This latter self has been tracked to
                  the Whitechapel district, and has been seen,
                  in its form of a man, skulking stealthily
                  about dark corners and alleys, or stalking
                  moodily through deserted side streets.

                  This duality of life and conduct established
                  it remains, of course, to positively
                  connect the subject with the deeds of which
                  he is suspected, and this, at least one leading
                  detective, has hopes of accomplishing.

                  Of course there are some who scoff at the
                  sensational theory, and allege that at the
                  worst the Grosvenor square Dr. Jekyll
                  visits Whitechapel in curiosity and perhaps
                  with a desire to apprehend the murderer
                  other than to commit a murder. But I send
                  the information for what it is worth. The
                  story is certainly interesting and striking,
                  and not half so improbable as many of the
                  absurd clues that the police have followed in
                  these cases.

                  Great secrecy is maintained by the police
                  in the matter, and only very remote references
                  to it have been published here.


                  Biographical Directory of the State of New York, 1900, Page 168, Column 2
                  By Biographical directory co., New York, pub

                  GREAVES, E. TRACY—Reporter and Journalist, 220 Broadway, New York City; residence 100 East 76th street. Born in England, Jan. 28, 1858. Educated in Hartford, Conn. (Single.) Formerly managing editor of the New York "Recorder." Now connected with the Philadelphia "Times," New York "World" and New York "Herald." Member Lotos Club.


                  Hartford Times Supplement (Hartford, CT), Dec 27, 1888, Page 3

                  Hartford Newspaper Men

                  How They Flourish in New York


                  Tracy Greaves, formerly of the Post and
                  later telegraph and city editor of the TIMES,
                  began reporting five years ago for the New
                  York Times. In 1886 he was given a desk in
                  the World office as night editor, and in the
                  following year he was appointed managing
                  editor of the Evening World. Last January
                  Mr. Greaves was sent abroad, and is now the
                  London manager of the European news cabled
                  to the World.



                  The Age (Melbourne), Jun 25, 1892, Page 4

                  OUR LONDON LETTER

                  LONDON, 20TH MAY,


                  In the action, Tilkins and wife v. Greaves, the
                  plaintiff, who is the conductor at the Lyric
                  Theatre, and is professionally known as Ivan
                  Caryll, and his wife Annie Geraldine
                  Tilkins, professionally known as Miss Geraldine
                  Ulmar, sued Mr. E. T. Graves, the
                  London correspondent of the New York World,
                  for libel. The offense consisted in Mr. Greaves
                  having cabled to New York a silly and
                  unfounded story about Mr. Tilkins being about to
                  take divorce proceedings against his wife, to
                  whom he has only been married a few months,
                  on the ground of her infidelity. There does not
                  appear to have been any foundation for the
                  story, which was given to Mr. Greaves as an
                  item of news by a person who calls himself
                  Major Noah, and who is a hanger on
                  of the Financial and Sporting Press. The
                  Chief Justice, Lord Coleridge, in summing
                  up was very severe upon the publication
                  by newspapers of mere gossip. "The New York
                  World," he said, "was in the habit of publishing
                  in its columns paragraphs concerning what he
                  might call private scandal about persons who
                  were known in the world. It was no part of
                  the duty of a newspaper to inquire into and
                  publish details about the private life of indivduals,
                  and such a course of proceeding was to his mind
                  contemptible. These serious and cruel aspersions
                  had been cast upon the plantiffs without
                  there being any cause whatever for them. One
                  would have thought that when the attention of
                  the defendant had been called to the paragraph
                  complained of a contradiction and an apology
                  would have been inserted in the newspaper and
                  every possible step taken to remedy the serious
                  wrong which had been done to the plaintiffs.
                  But nothing of the kind was done, and the
                  failure to do so ought, in his mind, to considerably
                  enhance the damages." Eventually the
                  jury found for the plaintiffs and gave them
                  £1000 damages. [...]


                  The Day (New London, CT), September 22, 1891, Page 5

                  Getting London News

                  Yankee Correspondents at the World's Capital

                  by Frederick R. Burton

                  New York Times, October 23, 1898, Page 19

                  HAROLD FREDERIC.; The Reminiscences of a Colleague
                  by ARTHUR WARREN


                  • #39
                    Earlier Clarke v. Hart Thread

                    I found the 2005 Casebook thread on Clarke v. Hart here.


                    • #40
                      Morton Smith; Mr. Rolland

                      Morton Smith was counsel for the plaintiff in the case of Clarke v. Hart.

                      Men-at-the-Bar: A Biographical Hand-list of the Members of the Various Inns (London: Hazell, 1885), Page 434
                      By Joseph Foster

                      Smith, Morton William, a member of the South-eastern circuit, counsel to Royal Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, a student of the Middle Temple 20 Nov., 1869, called to the bar 6 June, 1872 (eldest son ofj Frederick James Smith, Esq., of the Middle Temple, bar.-at-law, recorder of Margate); born [?], [?]; married 19 April, 1876, Adrienne Ernestine Blanche, dau. of M. Charles A. Blouet, of Paris.

                      Oxford Road, Putney, S.W. ; 4, Essex Court, Temple, E.C.


                      The Solicitors' Journal, Volume 34, December 28, 1889, Page 145

                      Mr. Morton William Smith, barrister, has been appointed Recorder of the borough of Gravesend, in succession to Mr. Standish Grove Grady, resigned. Mr. Smith is the eldest son of the late Mr. Frederick James Smith, barrister, Recorder of Margate. He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in Trinity Term, 1872, and he practises on the South-Eastern Circuit and at the Kent Sessions. He is Prosecuting Counsel to the Mint for the County of Kent.

                      March 22, 1890, Page 337

                      Mr. Morton William Smith, barrister, has been appointed Counsel to the Admiralty for the county of Kent, in succession to Mr. George Lewis Denman, who has been appointed a stipendiary magistrate for the metropolis. Mr. Smith is the eldest son of Mr. Frederick James Smith, barrister. He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in Trinity Term, 1872, and he practises on the South-Eastern Circuit and at the Kent Sessions. He is also prosecuting counsel to the Mint for Kent, and recorder of the borough of Gravesend.


                      In the transcription of the Times' piece of Clarke v. Hart I rendered the name of the defendant's counsel as Holland while the transcription from the 2005 thread gave it as Rolland. Taking a second look, I've concluded Rolland is correct. Here are a couple of items on a barrister named Rolland, but I'm not 100% certain that it's the same Rolland.

                      Men-at-the-Bar: A Biographical Hand-list of the Members of the Various Inns (London: Hazell, 1885), Page 399
                      By Joseph Foster

                      Rolland, Edward, M.A. Edinburgh Univ., a student of the Middle Temple 17 Nov., 1865, called to the bar 17 Nov., 1868 (only son of John Rolland, of Kirkcaldy, N.B., dec.); born

                      [?], [?].

                      3, Brick Court, Temple, E.C.


                      The Calcutta Weekly Notes, Volume 4, Page 191

                      English Notes

                      PROBATE COURT.—In re The Goods Of Edward Holland. Before The President. 22nd January 1900.

                      Grant ad colligenda.

                      In this matter an application was made to the President on behalf of Mr. George Reader, a solicitor, for a grant ad colligenda to collect the goods of his friend the deceased, Edward Rolland, a barrister. It appeared that Mr. Rolland resided in the Temple, that he had spent X'mas 1899 in the country with the applicant, Mr. Reader, a very old friend. On the 6th January, Mr. Rolland died having caught a chill and succumbed to influenza and heart failure. Two days previously he had sent for Mr. Reader to give him instructions for a Will, but he was unable to carry out his object when Mr. Reader arrived. Mr. Reader had been previously informed by the deceased that he had practically no relatives living. The applicant's object in moving for the grant now was to keep the goods in safe custody, safeguarding it until a next-of-kin had been found.

                      The President said, subject to the usual affidavit of fitness being filed, the grant would be made as the application was a very proper one.

                      Mr. Priestley for the Petitioner.

                      Grant ordered as prayed



                      • #41
                        Clarke v. London and County Bank (1897)

                        In 1897 Morton Smith handled the appeal for the plaintiff in the case of Clarke v. London and County Bank [or London and County Banking Co.].

                        This summary comes from a volume in Google books that is available only in the accursed "snippet" view. I was able to tease out the text by repeated

                        Law Notes, Volume 16, 1897, Page 67

                        A question of some importance in connection with
                        crossed cheques was raised last month in the Dartford
                        County Court and is to be carried by appeal to the
                        Queen's Bench. A check for 43l, drawn in favor
                        of Dr. T. F. Clarke of Dartford was paid to his
                        solicitors in respect of some legal proceedings which
                        had taken place. The solicitors' managing clerk
                        appropriated the cheque, forged the doctor's name,
                        and paid it into his own account at the London and
                        County Bank. It is generally understood that it is not
                        the duty of bankers to do more than to see that the
                        indorsement on a cheque corresponds with the name on its
                        face — it is obvious that, as a rule, they have no means
                        of testing the genuineness of the indorsement.
                        In this case, however, Dr. Clarke had an account at
                        the same bank, and the clerks therefore, it may be assumed,
                        were familiar with his signature. The question is, therefore,
                        whether, in placing the cheque to the account of the
                        solicitors' managing clerk, they were acting not only in good
                        faith but "without negligence." Dr. Clarke thought not, and brought
                        an action to recover the amount. The jury thought otherwise, and found
                        a verdict for the defendants with costs. The judge remarked that the duty
                        of a bank in looking at the signature of a drawer of a cheque
                        is very different and distinct from their duty as a collecting bank.
                        We shall watch for the appeal with interest.


                        This is an account which Google graciously allows to be viewed in full.
                        It does not reveal the profession of T. F. Clarke but identifies his solicitors as Messrs. Hayward.

                        Journal of the Institute of Bankers, Volume 18, May, 1897, Pages 316-318
                        by Institute of Bankers (Great Britain)

                        Clarke V. London And County Bank.

                        A report on the appeal which identifies Morton Smith as counsel.

                        The Weekly Reporter, Volume 45, April 10, 1897, Pages 383-384
                        by Great Britain. Supreme Court of Judicature, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords, Great Britain. Privy Council

                        Q.B.Div. March 15 [, 1897]

                        Cave and Lawrance, JJ.

                        Clarke v. London And County Bank

                        Another report which styles the case in a variant fashion.

                        The Law Journal Reports (1897), Volume 66, Pages 354-355

                        Clarke v. London and County Banking Co.


                        • #42
                          Thomas Furze Clarke of Dartford

                          The T. F. Clarke of Clarke v. London and County Bank may be Thomas Furze Clarke.

                          Tracing the whereabouts of Thomas Furze Clarke, MRCS, through BMD notices in medical journals from 1879-1899:

                          Medical Times and Gazette, May 24, 1879, Page 581


                          CLARKE-ELLIS.--On April 15, at Graaf Reinet, South Africa, Thomas Furze Clarke M.R.C.S.E., etc., of Somerset Easy, South Africa, to Fanny Maria, eldest daughter of Wm. Henry Ellis, of Stratford, Essex.

                          Medical Times and Gazette, July 1, 1882, Page 27


                          CLARKE.--On May 25, at Somerset East, South Africa, the wife of Thomas Furze Clarke, M.R.C.S., of a daughter.

                          Medical Press and Circular, May 25, 1887, Volume 94, Page 514


                          CLARKE--May 21st, at Glenavon, Stoke Newington, the wife of T. Furze Clarke, M.R.C.S., of a daughter.

                          The British Medical Journal, August 17, 1889, Page 397


                          CLARKE.-On August 12th, at Horsmans Place, Dartford, Fanny Maria, wife
                          of Thomas Furze Clarke, M.R.C.S.Eng., etc. South African papers please

                          British Medical Journal, September 20, 1890, Page 712

                          CLARKE-HAYWARD.--September 13th, at St. George's, Hanover Square, by the Rev. Robert Jamblin, M.A., Vicar ot Wilmington, assisted by the Rev. T.B.
                          Howlett, M.A., Vicar of Ss. Michael and All Angels, Stoke Newington Common,
                          Thomas Furze Clarke, M.R.C.S.Eng., etc., of Horsmans Place, Dartford,
                          to Jessie Field, second daughter of John Camden Hayward, of Monk's
                          Orchard, Wilmington. At home Thursday, October 9th, and Tuesday,
                          October 14th.

                          The Lancet, March 25, 1899, Page 876


                          CLARKE.—On March 17th, at Horsman's Place. Dartford, Thomas Furze Clarke, M.R.C.S.. aged 43 years.

                          The solicitor's for Clarke's estate were J. and J. C. HAYWARD.

                          The London Gazette, July 25, 1899, Page 4616

                          Re THOMAS FURZE CLARKE, Deceased.
                          Pursuant to the Act of Parliament 22nd and 23rd Victoria,
                          cap. 35, intituled " An Act to further amend the Law
                          of Property and to relieve Trustees."
                          NOTICE is hereby given that all creditors and other
                          persons having any claims or demands against the
                          estate of Thomas Furze Clarke late of Horsman's-place,
                 the county of Kent, Surgeon, deceased (who
                          died on the seventeenth day of March 1899 and to
                          whose estate letters of administration were granted out
                          of the Probate Division of Her Majesty's High Court of
                          Justice on the twenty-third day of June 1899 to Jessie
                          Field Clarke of Dartford aforesaid the administratrix
                          therein named) are hereby required to send the particulars
                          in writing of their claims or demands to us the
                          undersigned on behalf of the said Jessie Field Clarke on
                          or before the thirty-first day of August 1899 after which
                          date the said administratrix will proceed to distribute
                          the assets of the said deceased amongst the persons
                          entitled thereto having regard only to the claims and
                          demands of which she shall then have had notice, and
                          she will not be liable for the assets of the said deceased
                          or any part thereof so distributed to any person or
                          persons of whose claims or demands she shall not then
                          have had notice.—Dated this twenty-second day of
                          July, 1899.
                          J. and J. C. HAYWARD, of Dartford, Kent,
                          Solicitors to the said Administratrix


                          The Royal College of Surgeons of England website has a biographical entry for a Fellow, Benjamin Clarke, which mentions his partnership with Thomas Furze Clarke.

                          The entries for both Clarkes from page 102 of the 1884 Medical Directory.
                          Attached Files


                          • #43
                            Hayward v. The Star Newspaper Company and others

                            Morton Smith was co-counsel in a libel case involving John Camden Hayward, T. F. Clarke's solicitor and father-in-law. The libel consisted of accusations that Hayward made "grave errors" registering burials for Swanscombe Parish and that he was a "Tory panjandrum" with pull at the Home Office. The lead counsel for Hayward, H. F. Dickens, was the son of novelist Charles.

                            Once again, the following text was liberated from "snippet view". It appears to be two accounts of the same trial.

                            The Law Times, Volume 101, Pages 162 & 186

                            At Maidstone last week before Day, J, and a special jury, the case of Hayward v. The Star Newspaper Company and others was heard.

                            Dickens, Q.C. and Morton Smith appeared for the plaintiff; Murphy, Q.C. and Temple Franks for the defendants.

                            The plaintiff is a solicitor practicing at Dartford and holding many local appointments. At the time of the libels complained of he was clerk to the Swanscombe Burial Board. The defendant company are the proprietors of the Star newspaper. The defendant the Rev. George Hale is the rector of Swanscombe and member of Swanscombe Parish Council, of which the defendant Mr. RS Dunbar is also a member. On the 3rd Sept. 1895 the parish council appointed a sub-committee, consisting of the defendants Hale and Dunbar and another, to report on the records of the burial oommittee. The report which they made, alleging many irregularities in the keeping of of the burial register, was one of the libels complained of, and it was averred that the publication took place by their sending it to the Secretary of State and publishing it in the Express, a newspaper circulating in the Dartford neighbourhood. The report was not affirmed by the parish council. The defendants Hale and Dunbar also circulated a leaflet on the same subject. Further, they sent a memorial to the Home Office asking for an inquiry. The statement of claim further alleged that Messrs. Hale and Dunbar induced the Star Newspaper Company to publish the following libel in the Star : "No burial — For this terrible muddle at Swanscombe a Star-exposed pluralist is accused of serious irregularity in registering burials, and the Home Office appears to be unwilling to hold the promised inquiry. What appears a most serious burial scandal is just now exciting a great deal of indignation in Swanscombe, a parish close to Dartford. There was a parish meeting there on Tuesday night which a Star man attended, and at which some startling facts came to light. The Swanscombe burial ground it appears was acquired in 1885, and the clerk is Mr. JC Hayward, ...[sic] a pluralist, whose long roll of offices was published in the Star eighteen months ago. It is quite clear that Mr. Hayward has a great deal too much to do." The article then reported the speeches of Mr. Hale and Mr; Dunbar, containing reflections on the keeping of the burial register, and it stated that an inquiry by the Home Office had been intended to be made : "But somebody must have been underground at work like a mole," for a letter, it stated, had come from the Under-Secretary of State saying it was a question for the parish council to deterine what action should be taken. On this the following comment was made : "The parish council are doing all they can to shield Mr. Hayward, who is a Tory panjandrum in Dartford." The defense was privilege and justification.

                            Dickens, in opening for the plaintiff, said that Mr. Hayward, of Dartford, was asked to become clerk to the Swanscombe Burial Board in Aug. 1884, and he had accepted it on the terms that a caretaker should be appointed to do the work at Swanscombe, while he himself should only be expected to attend the meetings and keep the register. The returns sent in by the caretaker were what Mr. Hayward had to act on. The report made by the committee contained an exaggerated statement as to the errors that had been made, and almost all of them, such as they were, had been made by the caretaker, and not in the office of Mr. Hayward. There was no foundation for the allegation, which was simply ridiculous, about stifling inquiry.

                            The plaintiff was called and proved the arrangement under which he had been appointed.

                            The case at this point was settled, Murphy stating that he could not justify all his clients' allegations, and certainly privilege did not extend to the full extent of the publication. The system in existence of carrying on the work of the burial board was an unfortunate one, and Messrs. Hale and Dunbar had simply acted for the good of the public, and had nothing to gain by the steps they had taken. In the circumstances a verdict for the plaintiff might be taken for £75 and the taxed costs.

                            Page 186

                            At the Kent Assizes on the 12th inst, before Day, J, John Camden Hayward, solicitor, Dartford, and the Star Newspaper Company Limited, John Britten Jones, printer of the paper, Rev George Hale, rector of Swanscombe, and Robert Swan Dunbar, a prominent member of the Swanscombe Parish Council, for libel and slander.

                            H.F. Dickens, Q.C. and Morton Smith appeared for the plaintiff; and Murphy, Q.C. and Temple Franks represented the defendants.

                            The claim was £1000 and for an injunction against Messrs Hale and Dunbar, restraining them from writing, publishing, and printing any slanders or libels against plaintiff in reference to the Swanscombe Burial Board and Committee. Dickens, in his address to the jury, said those proceedings arose out of certain allegations made with reference to the manner in which plaintiff who was clerk to the Swanscombe Burial Board, had kept the registers relating to burials, &c. The libel stated that plaintiff, as clerk to the burial board, was personally responsible for gross inaccuracies in the keeping of the books, and that he had used his influence as a prominent Conservative to get someone at the Home Office to stifle the holding of an inquiry into the subject, which would have been exceedingly inconvenient to him. This was a serious allegation, without a shadow of foundation, and Messrs. Hale and Dunbar, who had shown the utmost animosity towards Mr. Hayward, had circulated this statement in the most cruel and unjust way, apparently with the object of getting Mr. Hayward removed from his office. Plaintiff was appointed clerk to the Swanscombe Burial Board in Aug. 1884, with the distinct understanding that the caretaker at the cemetery was to receive and give the requisite notices respecting burials, and particulars were to be forwarded to the clerk at Dartford, who would only be required to attend the meetings of the board. In 1889 Mr. Dunbar, and in 1891 Mr Hale, were elected members of tho board, and the Local Government Act came into operation in Jan. 1895, when it was decided by the parish council that Mr. Hayward should continue to act as clerk with respect to the burials committee. Opposition to this was received from Messrs. Hale and Dunbar, and, on the motion of these gentlemen in Sept., 1895, a select committee consisting of Messrs. Hale, Dunbar, and another, was appointed to examine the registers of the burial committee. In seven days a report was presented, the publication of which was one of their grounds of complaint, seeing that it was a privileged communication. This report was full of inaccuracies, devoid of foundation, and grossly unfair. Dickens admitted that there were thirty-one discrepancies in the entries of names, &c, during the ten years Mr. Hayward had been in office, but these were chiefly due to the illegible writing of the caretaker. Counsel dealt with the report at some length, pointing out the the statute did not require the clerk to make entries of many things complained of, and that he had suffered from the mistakes of others. This report was never approved by the parish council, and yet it was printed in leaflets, and disseminated throughout Swanscombe. These gentlemen desired to do as much harm as they could, and a copy was sent to the Home Office. The action taken by Messrs. Hale and Dunbar was detailed, Dickens stating that they declined to allow plaintiff access to the books, in order that explanations might be made, notwithstanding the fact that the parish council had granted this permission. They communicated with the Home Office, and handed the accusations to the local press for publication. Sir Matthew Ridley replied to the effect that he did not see the necessity for an inquiry, as the facts published in the report did not appear to be in dispute, and the parish council must decide what action to take. Then these men issued a leaflet, which was distributed everywhere, headed "Swanscombe burial matters. An inquiry asked for, but declared unnecessary, in view of admission of facts." The whole matter culminated on the 17th Dec, when a meeting was held, and was attended by a reporter from the Star. The account published was read, and contained the statement quoted by Dickens at the commencement of his address. Mr. Hale bought 200 copies of the Star, and had them sold, and he believed Mr. Dunbar's servant was sent out with some. Defendants came forward now and said the statements made were true. It was for the jury to say how much they must pay for the animosity they had displayed, and how much the Star must pay for the excellent advertisement they had received at his hands.

                            Morton Smith commenced examining plaintiff, when Murphy said he did not think they need trouble his Lordship any longer. He could not admit that the inaccuracies in the registers were trivial, and that public attention need not have been drawn to them, because very important things might depend on the accurate entering of a death or burial. With regard to the position of the rector, he had not a farthing to gain by the investigation he desired to have made. If the case had gone on he might have pointed out some grave errors that had crept in, and all that Messrs Hale and Dunbar desired was to have these errors rectified. Under the circumstances he could not make out his plea of justification, and he could not say the publication was privileged. With regard to the newspaper, he hardly thought they understood the method of wielding the pen with regard to other people. No personal animus was meant on their part towards Mr. Hayward; they accepted the information received in good faith. It was a fact that Mr. Hayward did hold fifteen or sixteen offices in this county.

                            Day, J., Surely newspapers cannot expect solicitors to devote all their time to burial boards. How do they expect them to get their living in this way?

                            Murphy added that no unfriendly spirit had been suggested and stated that he had consented to forfeit £75 and costs

                            Dickens replied that Mr. Hayward only desired that his name should be cleared, and they had accepted the offer, with the understanding that all the charges would be withdrawn. Judgment was entered for £75 and costs.


                            DeBrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench (London: Dean, 1896), Page 352

                            H. F. DICKENS (Maidstone).

                            Henry Fielding Dickens, Q.C, son of the late Charles Dickens, Esq., the novelist; b. Jan. 16th, 1849; ed. at Trin. Hall, Camb. (Scholar and Law Student): m. 1876, Marie Therese Louise, el. da. of Antonin Roche, Esq., of London; Bar. Inner Temple 1873, and a Q.C. 1892; sometime a Revising Barrister for Medway and Tonbridge Divs. of Kent; is a Member of the Gen. Council of the Bar; was Recorder of Deal 1883-92, when he was transferred to Maidstone.

                            Residence—15, Tedworth Square, Chelsea, S.W. Chambers—2, Paper Buildings, Temple, E.C.


                            Cricket sites with info about Hayward:


                            Obituaries in 1912

                            MR. JOHN CAMDEN HAYWARD, who died at Farningham on January 23rd, was born at Dartford on August 8th, 1839. He was a member of the Winchester XI of 1856, and in the match with Eton made only 4 in each innings. In later years he played occasionally for the Gentlemen of Kent, and in their match with the Gentlemen of Berkshire at Gore Court in 1860 made the highest score--33-- obtained for either side.



                            Full name: John Camden Hayward
                            Born: 8th August 1839, Dartford, Kent, England
                            Died: 23rd January 1912, Farningham, Kent, England
                            Teams: Winchester College (Miscellaneous: 1856); Gentlemen of Kent (Miscellaneous: 1859-1860)


                            Another birth notice:

                            The Lancet, June 27, 1891, Page 1463


                            CLARKE.—On June 22nd. the wife of Thomas Furze Clarke, M.R.C.S.,of Horsmans-place, Dartford, of a son.


                            Clarke's ringing endorsement for Daren Bread:

                            A Text-Book of the Science and Art of Bread-Making (London: Simpkin, 1895), Page xxx
                            by William Jago


                            Daren Bread


                            THOS. F. CLARKE, M.R.C.S., says :—"For my part I have no hesitation in recommending it largely for general consumption."


                            S.K. Keyes
                            The Anglo-Hungarian Roller Mills,
                            Dartford, Kent


                            Article about Horsman's Place, Dartford, which does NOT mention Clarke but says it became known as "The Doctor's Surgery."

                            Kent Archaeological Society Newsletter, Number 5, Winter 1984, Pages 4-5

                            Public Open Days at Horsman's Place
                            by Chris Baker & Michael Bryant


                            • #44
                              W. B. Colquhoun

                              In the Royal College of Surgeons' biography of Benjamin Clarke, it says that Clarke "was in partnership with Francis Dorrington Niblett, afterwards with Thomas Furze Clarke, and finally with William Brooks Colquhoun."

                              A W. B. Colquhoun submitted an address correction to the BMJ which was published in the January 5, 1889, issue giving as his new address "Glenavon, Stoke Newington Common, N." The Glenavon address was listed by Thomas Furze Clarke in his entry in the 1884 Medical Directory and used in a birth announcement in May, 1887. I'm not sure when exactly Clarke left this address.

                              British Medical Journal, January 5, 1889, Page 37

                              CORRECTIONS AND OMISSIONS FROM THE LIST OF
                              MEMBERS OF THE BRITISH MED1CAL
                              ASSOCIATION, 1888-89.




                              Colquhoun, W. B., Esq., Glenavon, Stoke Newington Common. N., not Colquhoun, W. B., Esq., 212, Evering Road, Upper Clapton. E., page xxvii.




                              • #45
                                A bit more about Morton Smith

                                The Law Journal, 1897, Page 576 (snippet view)

                                The Queen, on the recommendation of the Home Secretary, has appointed Mr. Morton William Smith to be Recorder of Rochester in place of Mr. Justice Channell. Mr. Morton Smith is the eldest son of Mr. Frederick James Smith, who was well known on the South-Eastern Circuit as the Recorder of Margate. He was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in 1872, his father being a member of the same inn as well as the same circuit. He married in 1876, a daughter of M. Charles A. Blouet of Paris. His appointment as Recorder of Rochester involves a vacancy in the Recordership of Gravesend.


                                Who's Who (London: Black, 1901), Volume 53, Pages 1037-1038
                                by Henry Robert Addison, Charles Henry Oakes, William John Lawson, Douglas Brooke Wheelton Sladen

                                SMITH, Morton William, barrister-at-law; Recorder of Rochester since 1897 ; one of the Commission for the Trial of Municipal, etc., Election Petitions ; counsel to the Mint and Admiralty for the County of Kent; b. 29 Mar. 1851 ; e. s. of late F. J. Smith, Recorder of Margate ; m. Adrienne Ernestine Blanche, d. of M. A. Blouet of Paris. Educ.: Cowbridge Grammar School. Recorder of Gravesend, 1889-97; member of House of Laymen (Canterbury), and of the Board of Missions for the provinces of Canterbury and York ; Hon. Chancellor Diocese of Sierra Leone ; member of the Diocesan Conferences for Canterbury and Rochester. Address: Claremont, Oakland s Road, Bromley, Kent; 4 Essex Court Temple, B.C.


                                Smith's mother was a Hayward.

                                DeBrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench (London: Dean, 1883), Page 427


                                F. J. SMITH (Margate).

                                Frederick James Smith, only surviving son of the late James Smith, Esq., of Rochester, J. P. for co. Kent. Was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple June 9th, 1843; goes the South-Eastern Circuit, and is "leader" of the Kent Sessions. In 1866 was one of H.M.'s Commissioners appointed to inquire into the existence of corrupt practices at the elections of Members of Parliament for the Borough of Reigate, which borough in 1857 was disfranchised upon the Report of the Commissioners. Author of "A Vade Mecum of General Practice in Appellate and Civil Cases at Quarter Sessions" (1882). In April 1850 he m. Susan Jane, el. d. of the late William Hayward, Esq., of Watlington, Oxfordshire, and The Downs, Darenth, Kent. Appointed the first Recorder of Margate Nov. 6th, 1869. (Mr. Smith's family was formerly (1660) of Cookham, Berkshire, and of Isleworth.)

                                Club—Hanover Square.

                                Chambers—4, Essex Court, Temple, E.C.

                                Residence—Fernleigh, Oxford Road, Putney, S.W.


                                The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 188, July, 1850, Page 89, Column 1


                                At Dartford, Frederick James Smith, esq. of Middle Temple, barrister-at-law, to Susan-Jane, eldest dau. of William Hayward, esq. of the Downs, Darenth.