The first and false identification by Valerie Storie must have reduced the probative value of the second identification. The jury were made aware of this. They were also warned of the danger of convicting on identification evidence.Yet they were convinced Hanratty did it and the DNA evidence tends to confirm that they were right.
It should not be overlooked that had the poor fellow chosen on the first ID parade not been able to provide a sound alibi for the murder night, he could have hung. In other words on one (and in my view two) occasion VS picked an entirely innocent man even though she knew he could go to the gallows.
No, that's quite wrong, Ansonman.
There was only one man identified by the police as a suspect on each parade: the first time it was Alphon; the second time it was Hanratty.
All others on an ID parade attend voluntarily (or so I believe) and cannot therefore suddenly become suspects, or be obliged to produce an alibi, in the event that a witness picks them out by mistake. Valerie was a bright woman and would surely not have feared any such consequences. She would only have feared not picking out the man who might then have been free to offend again, destroying further lives.
No way could anyone have been hanged (not 'hung') in such circumstances. The suspect would either be charged if picked, or let go if not. Anyone else would be free to go. You'd never get anyone to take part otherwise!
__________________ "Comedy is simply a funny way of being serious." Peter Ustinov
I took part in an ID parade in the early 1990s. Two of the witnesses picked the same innocent volunteer and only one, a policeman (the other two were civilians), picked the suspect. Needless to say the volunteer did not get arrested just because 2/3 of the witnesses picked him out!
I may have mentioned this before, but I had a (now deceased) friend who was a member of an ex-servicemen's club in the Midlands. This was a favourite place for the police to seek volunteers for i.d. parades, and my friend said he was on at least one. I don't think he was ever picked out, but he did say a couple of his pals were, which might have come as a bit of a shock at the time, but there was never any question whatsoever that these volunteers could face questioning by the police. There was a modest fee paid to the volunteers, who doubtless all went back to the club and put it over the bar.
We are suffering from a plethora of surmise, conjecture and hypothesis. - Sherlock Holmes, The Adventure Of Silver Blaze