Dr. Howard's Proposal for an Ambulance Service in London
Medical Times and Gazette, February 4, 1882, pages 111-115
A HOSPITAL AND ACCIDENT AMBULANCE SERVICE FOR LONDON
By BENJAMIN HOWARD, A.M., M.D., F.R.C.S.E.
"The Ambulance System And Ambulance Carriage Of The London Hospital.
"By reference to the diagram, it may be seen that, nearly equidistant, and in different directions from the London Hospital, there are eight police-stations. If not in consequence of my suggestion, certainly in accordance with it, each of these stations, formerly in telegraphic connexion with Scotland-yard, are now, by the cordial co-operation of Sir Edmund Henderson, being connected also with each other, so as to form a distant but complete telegraphic ring around the Hospital. Tapping this circle at one point— viz., the nearest police-station—by a telephonic wire thence to the Hospital, it will be seen how (as represented on the diagram) the entire area round about the Hospital is brought into direct communication with it. The cost of this wire for the first three months, I am given to understand, will be —nothing; afterwards, by special concession, below the usual rates. As one of the privileges of subscribers, and at no extra cost, this telephone may be connected at any moment with that of every other subscriber.
"Thus, every policeman within the London Hospital area, having the addresses of said subscribers within his beat, from the nearest private instrument of the already many hundred subscribers the ambulance summons may be sent direct to the Hospital. This is the outline of the plan which I have submitted to the London Hospital Committee, and which I trust will soon be in complete working."
"Explanation of Diagram.—(Small circles) police-stations; (single lines) telegraph wires; (double lines) telephone wires. From Guy's Hospital south there is no other General Hospital whatever. From the London Hospital north no other General Hospital in any direction except at Dalston."
This is the opening paragraph of Howard's ambulance lecture linked in the post above:
"It is now over seventeen years ago since the first ambulance system ever established had its earliest opportunity of proving its value as a distinct organisation. On that occasion, when over 10,000 men lay on the field about Antietam, by the sudden disability of Dr. Letterman, the supreme responsibility was by special order placed upon me."
LXXXII. Extracts from a Report of the Operations of the Medical Department of the Army of the Potomac from July 4th to December 31st, 1862. By JONATHAN LETTERMAN, Surgeon, U. S. Army, Medical Director of the Army of the Potomac, link
"During the day I received valuable aid from Assistant Surgeon Howard, U.S. Army, who was busily engaged while the battle was in progress in riding to different parts of the field and keeping me informed of the condition of medical affairs. After night I visited all the hospitals in Keedysville and gave such directions as were deemed necessary."
Howard also treated a wounded Hooker at Antietam, according to this interesting blog post at Antietam on the Web.
An unsigned review of Howard's posthumous book was prefaced with a personal remembrance:
The Literary World, Volume 33, August, 1902, page 117
PRISONERS OF RUSSIA
In the winter of 1862-3 the writer of this notice, then a Field Agent of the United States Sanitary Commission with the Army of the Potomac in Virginia, was thrown by circumstances into camp and comradeship with a battery of regular artillery, the young surgeon of which was a Dr. Benjamin Howard. In the interval of suspense and recuperation between the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, and on the later bloody and unfortunate field, a pleasant friendship sprang up between the two, which however lapsed after the war into the desultory intimacy of correspondence and finally ceased altogether. In those days Dr. Howard was the perfect expression of physical health and strength, mental equipment and balance, and spiritual purity and serenity. He had a beaming face, a resonant and tender voice, the gentleness of a woman, and one remarkable gift, the like of which the writer has never seen in anyone else. This was the power to read character in handwriting. Dr. Howard's intuitive skill in this rare art was marvelous, and seemed in some cases almost supernatural. With astonishing fullness and accuracy he would delineate the minutest traits of a person whom he had never seen, with only a letter of that person before him, even to peculiarities of bodily habit and mental action known only to intimate acquaintances. [...] Dr. Howard was a self-made man, a born gentleman, an accomplished scholar, a skilled master of his profession, a devout Christian, a humanitarian of a large heart, and in several important particulars a benefactor of mankind. He deserves to be remembered with gratitude and honor, and an old friend and companion of army days, who had not heard of his death (in 1900) until this book came into his hand, writes these words of appreciation with a sense of personal loss and sorrow.
--end of excerpts
(Volume 33 of The Literary World is in Google books, but the August issue is missing)
I found the reference to this review here:
The Ambulance: A History, pages 45-48
By Ryan Corbett Bell
GRAECO-ROMAN GAMES IN CALIFORNIA
by Arthur Inkersley
Two articles and an editorial from the Call about the dispute between Harrison and Peter Robertson, the SF Chronicle's drama editor, over allegations of literary crimes and misdemeanors. I don't know if the articles were by the same reporter that wrote the Dr. Howard piece or not.
The Morning Call (San Francisco), March 27, 1894, Page 12, Column 1
Denies Squarely That He Plagiarized
The Morning Call (San Francisco), March 28, 1894, Page 3, Column 7
PETER GREW PALE
Was Interviewed at the Bohemian Club
The Morning Call (San Francisco), March 29, 1894, Page 6, Column 2
Greer Harrison and "The Observer"; Kipling at the Bohemian Club
The Call's Dr Howard article includes the phrase "amiable wife". Searching for that phrase I found it used in a gossip column signed "The Observer". Checking that column in other editions of the Call, I found that "The Observer" devoted considerable space to touting the Lurline Baths, an enterprise with which William Greer Harrison was associated.
The Morning Call (San Francisco), August 19, 1894, Page 6, Column 4, Paragraph 3
BY THE OBSERVER.
"The Observer" devoted an entire column to the electric lights at the Lurline Baths, with quotes from WGH:
The Morning Call (San Francisco), September 02, 1894, Page 6, Column 3
BY THE OBSERVER.
In conversation with William Greer Harrison
last week I ascertained that the Salt
Water Company had experimented as
above stated and it found that in order to
arrive at satisfactory results it became
necessary to consult the Edison Light and
Power Company. Mr. Harrison, in speaking
of the matter, said: "We started to
light the place ourselves, but it was not
long before we found it defective. There
was a great glare under the roof, but below
was shadow, and then the light was flickering
and it frequently went out. We
could not afford to take the risk of darkness
owing to the hundreds who are so
fond of diving in the water. Water, you
know, absorbs light, so we applied to the
Edison company to help us out.
"It, of course, is scientifically acquainted
with the subject and as the Salt Water
Company had decided to get the best
light under the most economical arrangement
possible we made up our minds to
be right on a question wherein ourselves
failed. After a few experiments by the
Edison people they succeeded in turning
the vast space into perpetual day and the
management is entirely pleased with the
light and the comparatively low price at
which it is provided."
"The Observer" on more fun times at the Lurline Baths and WGH's reaction:
The Morning Call (San Francisco), September 23, 1894, Page 6, Column 4, Paragraph 2
BY THE OBSERVER.
All subjects were shelved yesterday except
that of the weather. Hot Democrats
and perspiring Republicans combined for
once and there was no amendment to the
motion that It was "warm." The crowd
that swarmed to the Lurline baths was a
sight in itself, and no less than 3400 people
passed the gates. Judges, ministers of the
gospel, physicians, merchants, bankers
and their friends were there. No theater
scene could compare with the kaleidoscopic
picture furnished by the baths. Bold and
daring divers, strong and powerful swimmers,
timid young beginners and hosts of
lookers-on eclipsed anything in the bathing
line that we have ever seen in this city.
Splash after splash, mingled with a murmur
of a thousand voices, caused a busy
hum which gladdened the heart of Greer
Harrison, and even the anxiety of handling
such an enormous number could not
remove the smiles which rippled over his
face like the briny over the bathers' backs.
No one who patronized the baths last night
could doubt the efficiency of the machinery
employed and the gigantic scale on which
the natatorium Is worked, for when the
hour of closing came the water appeared
as fresh as the Pacific Ocean itself.
Reluctantly the dippers donned their daily
clothes and went their way, to "come
again." The spectators, too, had lots of
fun, and the ventilation is so admirably
adjusted that the temperature of the atmosphere
is actually cooler than it is outside
the building. The Lurline baths are
deservedly popular and it shows the good
sense of our society leaders that they have
unanimously made them a fashionable resort.
An account of Kipling's 1889 visit to San Francisco, which includes a photo of the Bohemian Club.
This account mentions a Dr. Howard as being a judge at a railway company ambulance corps competition. If this is Benjamin Howard, I'm not sure how this affects the possibility that he was the Dr. Howard said by William Greer Harrison to have been in San Francisco "several months" prior to April, 1895.
The Railway News, Volume 62, November 17, 1894, Page 682, Columns 1-2
The Great Eastern Railway Ambulance Corps. — In one of the wagon shops at the Great Eastern Railway works at Stratford on Saturday there was a large company assembled to an interesting competition between five teams representing different divisions of the railway company's ambulance corps. Lord Claud Hamilton presided, and there were also present Lady Alexandra Hamilton, Mr. W. Birt, general manager of the company. Nineteen divisions of the corps entered for the competition and five of the larger entered two teams, but the Lowestoft team was unavoidably prevented from taking part. Sectional competitions were held in different centres, and as a result teams were sent from Parkeston, Peterborough, Norwich Thorpe, Stratford and Liverpool Street for the final competition. The judges were Chief Superintendent Church-Brasier and Dr. Howard, of the St. John Ambulance Society, each of whom expressed his appreciation of the high character of the "first aid to the injured" which they had witnessed. In the course of a few observations Lord Claud Hamilton said that during the past year the Great Eastern Railway Ambulance Corps had largely increased their number, and, what was more important, had added to their efficiency. Of the present membership of 856,544 had been examined by the St. John Ambulance Society and 520 of them had passed. The silver cup to be presented to the winning team that day was last year won by Norwich Thorpe. There would be special prizes to the second and third, and each member of the whole of the teams would receive a certificate. The total number of marks obtainable was 380, and he was pleased to be able to say that in the sectional competitions the average number of marks gained was 273, figures giving 72 per cent., as against 66 per cent., the average of last year's marks. The report of the judges was been announced. The team from Liverpool Street, with 353 marks, was awarded the silver cup; the team from Parkeston, with 331 marks, the second prize; the team from Norwich Thorpe, with 32S points, receiving third prize. The Stratford team was awarded 317 marks, and the Peterborough team 309. Lady Alexandra Hamilton distributed the prizes. Lady Alexandra Hamilton, on behalf of the members of the Great Eastern Railway corps, then presented a medal to Mr. George Aston, who has been in the employment of the company for thirty-eight and a half years, and who has worked untiringly for the success of the ambulance corps.
The account of the following year's ambulance competition gives the full name of the Howard involved as the "Hon. Surgeon Heaton C. Howard", which puts me back in the position of not having any definite information about the whereabouts of Benjamin Howard in 1894-1895.
The Railway News, Volume 63, May 25, 1895, Page 807, Column 1
The annual public competitions between the various divisions of the Great Eastern Railway Ambulance Corps were held at the Town Hall, Stratford, on Saturday afternoon, in the presence of a large assemblage. [...] Votes of thanks were then accorded to the judges (Chief Superintendent W. J. Church-Brasier and Hon. Surgeon Heaton C. Howard, both of the Metropolitan Corps), proposed by Mr. James Holden and seconded by Archdeacon Stevens. A vote of thanks to Sir John Commerell was proposed by Lord Knutsford, seconded by Mr. W. Birt, and Sir Alfred Jephson proposed and Mr. C. Glaze, president of the Norwich team, seconded the vote of thanks to the chairman.