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Kansas Physician Confirms Howard Report

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  • #16
    Greer Harrison and "The Observer"; Kipling at the Bohemian Club

    The Call's Dr Howard article includes the phrase "amiable wife". Searching for that phrase I found it used in a gossip column signed "The Observer". Checking that column in other editions of the Call, I found that "The Observer" devoted considerable space to touting the Lurline Baths, an enterprise with which William Greer Harrison was associated.

    The Morning Call (San Francisco), August 19, 1894, Page 6, Column 4, Paragraph 3



    "amiable wife"

    "The Observer" devoted an entire column to the electric lights at the Lurline Baths, with quotes from WGH:

    The Morning Call (San Francisco), September 02, 1894, Page 6, Column 3



    --begin excerpt

    In conversation with William Greer Harrison
    last week I ascertained that the Salt
    Water Company had experimented as
    above stated and it found that in order to
    arrive at satisfactory results it became
    necessary to consult the Edison Light and
    Power Company. Mr. Harrison, in speaking
    of the matter, said: "We started to
    light the place ourselves, but it was not
    long before we found it defective. There
    was a great glare under the roof, but below
    was shadow, and then the light was flickering
    and it frequently went out. We
    could not afford to take the risk of darkness
    owing to the hundreds who are so
    fond of diving in the water. Water, you
    know, absorbs light, so we applied to the
    Edison company to help us out.

    "It, of course, is scientifically acquainted
    with the subject and as the Salt Water
    Company had decided to get the best
    light under the most economical arrangement
    possible we made up our minds to
    be right on a question wherein ourselves
    failed. After a few experiments by the
    Edison people they succeeded in turning
    the vast space into perpetual day and the
    management is entirely pleased with the
    light and the comparatively low price at
    which it is provided."

    --end excerpt

    "The Observer" on more fun times at the Lurline Baths and WGH's reaction:

    The Morning Call (San Francisco), September 23, 1894, Page 6, Column 4, Paragraph 2



    --begin excerpt

    All subjects were shelved yesterday except
    that of the weather. Hot Democrats
    and perspiring Republicans combined for
    once and there was no amendment to the
    motion that It was "warm." The crowd
    that swarmed to the Lurline baths was a
    sight in itself, and no less than 3400 people
    passed the gates. Judges, ministers of the
    gospel, physicians, merchants, bankers
    and their friends were there. No theater
    scene could compare with the kaleidoscopic
    picture furnished by the baths. Bold and
    daring divers, strong and powerful swimmers,
    timid young beginners and hosts of
    lookers-on eclipsed anything in the bathing
    line that we have ever seen in this city.
    Splash after splash, mingled with a murmur
    of a thousand voices, caused a busy
    hum which gladdened the heart of Greer
    Harrison, and even the anxiety of handling
    such an enormous number could not
    remove the smiles which rippled over his
    face like the briny over the bathers' backs.
    No one who patronized the baths last night
    could doubt the efficiency of the machinery
    employed and the gigantic scale on which
    the natatorium Is worked, for when the
    hour of closing came the water appeared
    as fresh as the Pacific Ocean itself.
    Reluctantly the dippers donned their daily
    clothes and went their way, to "come
    again." The spectators, too, had lots of
    fun, and the ventilation is so admirably
    adjusted that the temperature of the atmosphere
    is actually cooler than it is outside
    the building. The Lurline baths are
    deservedly popular and it shows the good
    sense of our society leaders that they have
    unanimously made them a fashionable resort.

    --end excerpt

    An account of Kipling's 1889 visit to San Francisco, which includes a photo of the Bohemian Club.

    The Bookman, Volume 26, January, 1908, page 483

    How Kipling Discovered America
    by Bailey Millard

    Kipling's own rather churlish account of his visit to the Bohemian Club:

    American Notes (Brown, 1899), pages 28-34, pages 50-54
    By Rudyard Kipling


    • #17
      Dr. Howard in England in November, 1894?

      This account mentions a Dr. Howard as being a judge at a railway company ambulance corps competition. If this is Benjamin Howard, I'm not sure how this affects the possibility that he was the Dr. Howard said by William Greer Harrison to have been in San Francisco "several months" prior to April, 1895.

      The Railway News, Volume 62, November 17, 1894, Page 682, Columns 1-2

      The Great Eastern Railway Ambulance Corps. — In one of the wagon shops at the Great Eastern Railway works at Stratford on Saturday there was a large company assembled to an interesting competition between five teams representing different divisions of the railway company's ambulance corps. Lord Claud Hamilton presided, and there were also present Lady Alexandra Hamilton, Mr. W. Birt, general manager of the company. Nineteen divisions of the corps entered for the competition and five of the larger entered two teams, but the Lowestoft team was unavoidably prevented from taking part. Sectional competitions were held in different centres, and as a result teams were sent from Parkeston, Peterborough, Norwich Thorpe, Stratford and Liverpool Street for the final competition. The judges were Chief Superintendent Church-Brasier and Dr. Howard, of the St. John Ambulance Society, each of whom expressed his appreciation of the high character of the "first aid to the injured" which they had witnessed. In the course of a few observations Lord Claud Hamilton said that during the past year the Great Eastern Railway Ambulance Corps had largely increased their number, and, what was more important, had added to their efficiency. Of the present membership of 856,544 had been examined by the St. John Ambulance Society and 520 of them had passed. The silver cup to be presented to the winning team that day was last year won by Norwich Thorpe. There would be special prizes to the second and third, and each member of the whole of the teams would receive a certificate. The total number of marks obtainable was 380, and he was pleased to be able to say that in the sectional competitions the average number of marks gained was 273, figures giving 72 per cent., as against 66 per cent., the average of last year's marks. The report of the judges was been announced. The team from Liverpool Street, with 353 marks, was awarded the silver cup; the team from Parkeston, with 331 marks, the second prize; the team from Norwich Thorpe, with 32S points, receiving third prize. The Stratford team was awarded 317 marks, and the Peterborough team 309. Lady Alexandra Hamilton distributed the prizes. Lady Alexandra Hamilton, on behalf of the members of the Great Eastern Railway corps, then presented a medal to Mr. George Aston, who has been in the employment of the company for thirty-eight and a half years, and who has worked untiringly for the success of the ambulance corps.


      • #18
        Heaton C. Howard

        The account of the following year's ambulance competition gives the full name of the Howard involved as the "Hon. Surgeon Heaton C. Howard", which puts me back in the position of not having any definite information about the whereabouts of Benjamin Howard in 1894-1895.

        The Railway News, Volume 63, May 25, 1895, Page 807, Column 1

        The annual public competitions between the various divisions of the Great Eastern Railway Ambulance Corps were held at the Town Hall, Stratford, on Saturday afternoon, in the presence of a large assemblage. [...] Votes of thanks were then accorded to the judges (Chief Superintendent W. J. Church-Brasier and Hon. Surgeon Heaton C. Howard, both of the Metropolitan Corps), proposed by Mr. James Holden and seconded by Archdeacon Stevens. A vote of thanks to Sir John Commerell was proposed by Lord Knutsford, seconded by Mr. W. Birt, and Sir Alfred Jephson proposed and Mr. C. Glaze, president of the Norwich team, seconded the vote of thanks to the chairman.


        • #19
          A list of London Dr. Howards from the 1884 directory:

          The Medical Directory for 1884 (London:Churchill), Page 163

          [in Google books with title as "NEW WORKS AND NEW EDITIONS"]

          Attached Files


          • #20
            Hello TradeName,

            I have been following this thread with interest. Thank you for producing these things. Most interesting indeed.

            best wishes

            Chelsea FC. TRUE BLUE. 💙

            Justice for the 96 = achieved
            Accountability? ....


            • #21
              Thank you, Mr. Carter.

              Here's another list of medical Howards:

              Calendar of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 1888, page 160

              1877. Howard, Benjamin, New York.
              1854. Howard, C. Aldcroft, Escrick.
              1880. Howard, H. Clark, Devonshire-road.
              1879. Howard, Henry, Cambridge.
              1807. Howard, James, Dukinfield.
              1853. Howard, J. Fielden, Shaw.
              1822. Howard, J. Walker.
              1883. Howard, Wilfred, Litileport.


              • #22
                W. Greer Harrison and The Air and Water Sterilizing Company - Part 1

                In October of 1894 William Greer Harrison became a director of a newly-formed corporation created to market an invention intended to provide pure drinking water. The inventor and some of the other directors were local doctors, some with ties to the British Isles.

                The Morning Call (San Francisco), October 25, 1894, Page 3, Columns 3-4

                Articles of Incorporation

                The following articles of incorporation
                have been filed in the office of the Secretary
                of State:


                The Air and Water Sterilizing Company.
                Principal place of business, San
                Francisco. Capital stock, $1,000,000, with
                C. F. Buckley, Luke Robinson, William
                Greer Harrison, Winslow Anderson, W.
                F. McNutt, F. A. Orr and M. Herzstein
                of San Francisco and Timothy Hopkins
                of Menlo Park as directors.

                ---end excerpt

                Longer article:

                The Morning Call (San Francisco), November 07, 1894, Page 8, Column 6

                DEATH TO BACILLI.

                Dangers in Water Can Be Easily Avoided.

                Drs. Buckley, McNutt, Anderson and Robinson Unite in Bringing It Into Practice.

                (Note that while Winslow Anderson is referred to in the headline of the second article he is not mentioned in the text)

                The Pacific Medical editorial mentioned in the second Call article:

                Pacific Medical Journal, Volume 37, October, 1894, Page 652


                PURE DRINKING WATER

                Page 650 shows the editor as:

                "WINSLOW ANDERSON, A.M., M.D., M.R.C.P.Lond., Etc."

                who was one of the incorporators.

                Patent info:

                Patent number: 511995
                Issue date: Jan 2, 1894

                AIR AND WATER PURIFIER
                CORNELIUS F. BUCKLEY et al.

                Directory entry for Buckley:

                Medical and Surgical Directory of the United States (Detroit:Polk, 1886), page 171

                Buckley C F(R), R C P's. Ed, Scot, 1864: Queen's Univ, Ireland. 1865, 715 Larkin.

                A brief review of book by Buckley:

                Pacific Medical Journal, Volume 25, October, 1882, Page 233

                Cerebral Hyperemia: Does It Exist? A consideration of some views of Dr. Wm. A. Hammond. By C. F. Buckley, B.A., M.D., formerly Superintendent of Haydock's Lodge Asvlum, England. New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1882." San Francisco, A. L. Bancroft & Co. Price, $1.00. Dr. Buckley, the writer of this little book, is an old-established practitioner of San Francisco. He holds a steady and vigorous pen, and handles Prof. Hammond without gloves. We are not prepared, after the brief examination to which time has restricted us, to pronounce confidently on the merits of the work. And though we are not inclined to deny the existence of cerebral hyperemia, we are disposed to side with Dr. Buckley in his general current of criticism on the statements and arguments adduced by the author under notice. It has always appeared to us that much of the writing of Dr. Hammond is hasty and ill-digested, and full of assumption; and that he is open to severe criticism, such as is visited on him in the present instance.


                Link to the book:

                Cerebral Hyperaemia ; Does It Exist? (NY: Putnam, 1882), link

                by C. F. BUCKLEY, B.A., M.D.


                Superintendent Of Haydock Lodge Asylum, England.

                The Medical Register (London: 1871), Page 64

                1866 June 7 Buckley Cornelius Fitzgerald Castletownsend, Co. Cork

                Lic. R. Coll. Surg. Edin. 1864.
                Lic. R. Coll. Phys. Edin. 1864.
                M.D. Q. Univ. Irel. 1865.


                A brief entry with some incorrect dates:

                Annual Report of the President of the University on Behalf of the Regents 1881-1882, Page 121
                By the University California Regents

                CORNELIUS FITZGERALD BUCKLEY. Professor of Anatomy, 1870-71. Medical Examiner, 1871-2. Born, Ireland, 1 March, 1843. Licentiate, Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons, Edinburgh, 1884 [1864]. AD., Queen's University, Dublin, 1885[1864]. M.D., Queen's University, Dublin, 1885[1865].

                List of writings:

                Medical papers in Pacific Medical Journal, 1870-75.

                Cerebral Hyperemia: Does it Exist? New York: Putnam's Sons, 1882.



                • #23
                  W. Greer Harrison and The Air and Water Sterilizing Company - Part 2

                  Some background on the non-doctor directors.

                  Timothy Hopkins was the adopted heir of railroad magnate Mark Hopkins.

                  Palo Alto Weekly, Apr 28, 1999, link

                  Timothy Hopkins: The ironic journey of Palo Alto's founder

                  F. Alleyne Orr was an Irish lawyer who moved to SF in 1888 and who had been active in support of Gladstone. He was an associate of T.P. O'Connor.
                  According to this sketch:

                  The Bay of San Francisco: the Metropolis of the Pacific Coast and Its Suburban Cities (1892), Volume 2, Page 675
                  By Lewis Publishing Company

                  FRED ALLEYNE ORR


                  • #24
                    W. Greer Harrison and The Air and Water Sterilizing Company - Part 3

                    Luke Robinson joined the Obstetrical Society of London in 1884. Also joining at that time was Thomas Horrocks Openshaw, who later examined the kidney sent with the Lusk letter.

                    Transactions of the Obstetrical Society of London (London: Longmans, 1885), Volume 26

                    Page XL lists Openshaw as a Fellow:

                    1884 Openshaw, Thomas Horrocks, M.B., London Hospital, E.

                    Page XLIV lists Robinson as a Fellow:

                    1884 Robinson, Luke, M.R.C.P. Lond., San Francisco, California.

                    Page 147
                    has the minutes of the June 4th, 1884, meeting at which both Openshaw and Robinson were "proposed for election."

                    Page 181 has the minutes of the July 2nd, 1884 meeting at which Openshaw and Robinson were elected Fellows.

                    Page 227 has the minutes of the October 8th, 1884, meeting at which Robinson and Openshaw were "declared admitted."


                    • #25
                      W. Greer Harrison and The Air and Water Sterilizing Company - Part 4

                      Dr. William Fletcher McNutt was a (*gasp*) Mason who had a way cool custom book plate.

                      Remarks on Some Masonic Book Plates in America and Their Owners (Boston: 1911), Volume 2, page 44
                      By Alexander Winthrop Pope

                      A longer sketch. McNutt continued his medical studies in Edinburgh and London after serving as a surgeon in the U.S. Navy during the Civil War.

                      A History of the New California: Its Resources and People (New York: Lewis, 1905), Page 334
                      By Leigh Hadley Irvine

                      A sketch which describes McNutt's "virle traits."

                      The National Cyclopedia of American Biography (New York: White, 1897), Volume 7, Page 276
                      By George Derby, James Terry White


                      • #26
                        W. Greer Harrison and The Air and Water Sterilizing Company - Part 5

                        According to the Call, Dr. Winslow Anderson aced the Royal College exams in 1891.

                        The Morning Call (San Francisco), August 09, 1891, Page 2, Column 6

                        ONE HUNDRED PER CENT.

                        A San Francisco Physician Astonishes London Surgeons.

                        Dr, Winslow Anderson of San Francisco,
                        who has been studying in London for the
                        past eighteen months, has just received the
                        following degrees: Member of Royal College
                        of Surgeons, Licentiate of Royal College of
                        Physicians and Licentiate of Society of
                        Apothecaries, of London. The President
                        of the faculty of the Royal College of Surgeons
                        states that Dr. Anderson is the first
                        student who has ever been marked 100 per
                        cent in the final examination, He seemed
                        surprised, too, that such should have been
                        the case and that the successful candidate
                        was a physician who graduated from a California
                        medical college. The President has
                        no doubt awakened to the fact that California
                        colleges can turn out bright graduates.


                        An article about the return of Dr & Mrs Anderson to California after his studies in London and other travels.

                        Pacific Medical Journal, Volume 35, May 1892, Page 301

                        The Pilgrims

                        (I haven't found Volume 34 (1891) of the PMJ in Google books. There might be more about Anderson's time in London there.)

                        An article with a section about Anderson as Surgeon General of the California National Guard, with a picture.

                        The Overland Monthly, Volume 38, August, 1901, pages 132-4

                        Maneuvers of the National Guard
                        by James F. Archibald

                        A bio sketch:

                        A Cyclopedia of American Medical Biography (Baltimore: Remington, 1920), Page 28

                        Anderson, Winslow (1860-1917)

                        An obit:

                        JAMA.: The Journal of the American Medical Association, Volume 68, May 26, 1917, Page 1569
                        By American Medical Association

                        Winslow Anderson, M.D., San Francisco; University of San Francisco, 1884; M. R. C. P. London, M. R. C. S. Eng., and L. S. A. London, 1891; aged 56; a Fellow of the American Medical Association, and since 1896 a member of the General Medical Council of Great Britain; founder of St. Winifred's Hospital, San Francisco; assistant to the chair of materia medica and medical chemistry and later adjunct professor of theory and practice of medicine in his alma mater; since 1896, professor of abdominal surgery and gynecology in and president of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, San Francisco; editor of the Pacific Medical Journal for many years; colonel and surgeon general of the National Guard of California from 1900 to 1911; died in New York, May 7.


                        A book Anderson wrote.

                        A Description of the Desiccated Human Remains in the California State Mining Bureau (Sacramento: 1888), link
                        By Winslow Anderson MD


                        • #27
                          W. G. Harrison and the Beaconsfield (Disraeli) Testimonial

                          The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year, Volume 120, December, 1878, Page 122
                          edited by Edmund Burke

                          Presentation To Lord Beaconsfield.—An address, enclosed in a silver casket, ornamented with gold, was presented to-day to the Earl of Beaconsfield, at Downing Street, by a deputation on behalf of 400 British residents in California. Mr. W. G. Harrison, of San Francisco, the delegate of the subscribers, read the address, which was an expression of the subscribers' "high appreciation of the brilliant statesmanship " evinced by Lord Beaconsfield in the late European crisis, by which he had "secured to Europe an honourable peace, assured civil and religious liberty to oppressed races, and inaugurated a reign of order and tranquility where anarchy and oppression were rife." The casket was presented by a son of Mr. Alexander Forbes, chairman of the San Francisco Committee.


                          New York Times, August 1, 1878, link

                          TESTIMONIAL TO LORD BEACONSFIELD

                          New York Times, January 20, 1879, link

                          The Beaconsfield Casket

                          The Graphic (London, England), Saturday, December 21, 1878; Issue 473, from here

                          Our Illustrations

                          Attached Files


                          • #28
                            Doctors & The Bohemian Club

                            The 1895 by-laws of the Bohemian Club describe the conditions under which a visitor to San Francisco could be issued a time-limited pass to the club. It also contains a listing of members.

                            Constitution and By-Laws of the Bohemian Club of San Francisco (1895), link
                            By Bohemian Club (San Francisco, Calif.)

                            Pages 26-7

                            Sec. 29.—At the request of a member, non-residents
                            of the city may be admitted to the privileges of the Club
                            for a period of two weeks, two members of the Directory
                            consenting. A card shall be issued to each visitor, signed
                            by the President and Secretary. Members introducing
                            visitors shall be held responsible for any indebtedness such
                            visitors may contract. The time of visitors' cards may be
                            extended by the Directory, in their discretion, for a term
                            not to exceed two weeks, and to non-residents, eminent in
                            literature, art, music or science, indefinitely. A card
                            shall not be issued to the same person twice within the
                            same year.

                            --end excerpt

                            Here are some members I've identified as doctors, plus the entry for Harrison, with the dates of admittance.

                            page 28

                            ANDERSON, WINSLOW. . . . . . . . . . . Oct. 10, 1894
                            ARNOLD, J. DENNIS. . . . . . . . . . . Nov. 11, 1889

                            page 32

                            COLE, R. BEVERLY . . . . . . . . . . . Dec. 28, 1893

                            Page 37

                            HARRISON, WILLIAM GREER. . . . . . . . April 25, 1889

                            page 40

                            ROSENSTIRN, JULIUS . . . . . . . . . . June 20, 1881

                            The 1894 convention of the American Medical Association was held in San Francisco. An attendee from St. Louis wrote a long article about SF, which mentions the doctors listed above.

                            Medical Mirror, Volume 5, September, 1894, Pages 407-431
                            By Isaac Newton Love

                            Snap Shots
                            from San Francisco

                            by I.N. Love

                            page 413

                            Dr. Winslow Anderson, the editor and owner of the Pacific Medical Journal, the largest and most thrifty medical magazine published on the Pacific Coast, is one of the leading physicians of San Francisco. He has a chair in the Medical Department of the University of California and an enormous practice among the wealthiest classes of the community. Though evidently but little over thirty years of age, he is on the topmost round of the ladder.

                            [Anderson was also one of the incorporators of the Air and Water Sterilizer Company with William Greer Harrison.]

                            Dr. Beverly Cole, a portrait of whom was presented in our June number, is the President of the medical department of the University of California, and though well along in years, is one of the youngest men in the State. He walks nobody's chalk line but his own, and no member of the "old guard" ever saw him attempt to carry water on both shoulders. He is a splendid teacher, having been engaged in the work for well on to forty years. He has been around the world several times, crossed the Atlantic and back sixteen times, has done one of the largest and most lucrative practices in San Francisco all these years, and in addition has been the wheel horse politically in his party, as well as one of the most prominent Knight Templars on the Pacific Coast. Take him all in all he is one of the most versatile men one would meet in a year's journey.

                            page 414

                            Dr. Julius Rosenstern [Rosenstirn]is one of the most successful surgeons in California. In his private surgical sanitarium and upon the outside he is one of the most busily engaged surgeons. He is not only eminently scientific and artistic as a surgeon but, together with his delightful family he is a pronounced social success.

                            page 415

                            Dr. J. Dennis Arnold made a pronounced impress [sic] upon the visiting doctors not only as an artist and scientist, but as a delightful, cultured, clubable man.

                            --end excerpts

                            The article lists the doctors who registered for the first day of the 1894 convention. I don't see Dr. Howard's name listed.

                            The Morning Call (San Francisco), June 05, 1894, Page 8

                            MEDICOS FEAST.

                            Doctors Gather From All Quarters.

                            IN ANNUAL SESSION HERE.

                            They Will Get Down to Work This Morning.

                            A BANQUET IN MAPLE HALL.

                            Nearly Two Hundred of the Medical
                            Editors Enjoy Themselves at
                            the Mahogany.

                            Interestingly, the 1871 AMA convention was also held in San Francisco. Dr. R. Beverly Cole, later a member of the Bohemian club, served on a committee which picked a paper written by Dr. Benjamin Howard as one of two winners in the annual essay contest.

                            Transactions of the American Medical Association (Philadelphia: 1871), Volume 22, Pages 25-26

                            Dr. T. M. Logan, of California, Chairman of the Committee on Prize Essays, presented the following report:—

                            The Committee on Prize Essays respectfully report, that five papers have been submitted to their decision, in the following order of their reception:—

                            1. "An Essay on the Chemical Constitution of the Bile," bearing the motto, "Divide et impera."

                            2. "The Direct Method of Artificial Respiration for the Treatment of Persons Apparently Dead from Suffocation by Drowning, or from other Causes." Motto, "Festina lente."

                            3. "Intussusception and its Treatment: illustrated by the History of a Typical and Successfully Treated Case."

                            4. "Experiments in Reproduction."

                            5. "Researches on the Physiology of the Nervous Ganglionic System and their Application to Pathology."

                            This last paper did not reach the hands of the Committee until 30th April. Consequently, it could not be read critically by all the members of the Committee in time for the present session. The Committee, however, recommend that it be referred to the Section on Physiology to make such disposition of it as may seem fit in their judgment.

                            The first mentioned essay, although making no pretensions to originality, nevertheless bears evidence of much research and diligence on the part of the author, and affords a valuable summary of all that is now known on the subject of which it treats. The Committee deem it worthy of one of the prizes.

                            The second paper contains an analytical Digest of all the known procedures hitherto resorted to in the treatment of the accidents to which it refers, and suggests a direct method, capable of prompt and easy application, illustrated by drawings, and confirmed by cases of great practical value. To this paper the Committee also adjudge the other prize.

                            Signed, THOS. M. LOGAN, Chairman.
                            H. GIBBONS,
                            H. H. TOLAND,
                            R. BEVERLY COLE,
                            L. C. LANE.

                            The Permanent Secretary then broke the seals of the accompanying envelopes, and announced that Drs. Edward R. Taylor, of California, and Benj. Howard, of New York, were the successful essayists.

                            --end excerpt

                            Howard's essay is on pages 311-352.

                            I get the impression that the judges were not supposed to know the names of the essay authors before picking the winners. However the Pacific Medical Journal had earlier reprinted a much briefer piece on Howard's method.

                            Pacific Medical Journal, Volume 3 (new series); Volume 12, January, 1870, pages 371-373

                            New Method of Restoration from Drowning.

                            "Dr. Benjamin Howard of New York recommends a method, which is novel in some respects and appears to be worthy of trial."

                            Henry Gibbons, presumably identical to the "H. Gibbons" of the prize essay committee, was then listed as editor of the PMJ.

                            Howard was NOT listed as a delegate to the 1871 convention. According to the following notice it was possible for a doctor to attend without being a delegate.

                            New York Medical Journal, Volume 13, April 1871, page 494

                            The twenty-second annual session of the American Medical Association will be held in San Francisco, Cal., May 2, 1871, at 11 A. M. Secretaries of all medical organizations are requested to forward lists of their delegates as soon as elected, to the permanent secretary. Any respectable physician who may desire to attend, but cannot do so as a delegate, may be made a member by invitation, upon the recommendation of the Committee of Arrangements.

                            ---end excerpt

                            Someone in New York sent the Lancet an account of the convention.

                            The Lancet, June 10, 1871, Pages 801-802

                            NEW YORK.

                            (from OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)


                            The meeting of the American Medical Association at San Francisco was not only the great medical event of the year, but equally of the quarter of a century of the Association's existence. As Professor Still.', the president, very aptly remarked, when the Association was organised, in 1847, California was a wilderness and San Francisco was almost unknown. A journey to this terra incognita was an undertaking full of adventure, which only the most daring frontiersman was willing to attempt. Now the trip across the continent is but a holiday excursion, which the old and young, rich and poor, daily enjoy. California has become one of the most important states in the Union, and San Francisco a populous city. The Association met in Pacific Hall, May 2nd, and on the roll of the Convention were the names of 200 members in attendance, representing twenty-three different states, two territories, the United States army and navy, and several foreign states. Dr. Stout, on the part of the profession of California, made an address of welcome, and the President delivered the annual address before the Association. His theme was that which forms the staple of our annual discourses—medical education. He strongly recommended a union of schools in their efforts to secure reform. Two prize essays were announced—viz. (1) "On the Chemical Construction of Bile," by Dr. E. R. Taylor, of Sacramento, California; and (2) "The Direct Method of Artificial Respiration of persons apparently dead from Suffocation by Drowning or from other causes," by Dr. B. Howard, of New York. The sections on Surgery, Medicine, Obstetrics, and Physiology, were organised, and discussed the various papers referred to them. The reports of committees were few in number, and of little importance. Dr. Gibbons presented a valuable paper "On the Medical Botany of California," embracing specimens, with descriptions of 180 indigenous plants. The Association heartily adopted the proposition of Dr. Storer, to aid in the formation of a memorial fund in honour of the late Professor Simpson. A resolution in favour of the establishment of professorships of hygiene in medical schools was adopted, and also one recommending the formation of State Boards of Health. The " apple of discord" was the woman question. This was introduced in the form of a proposed amendment to the constitution of the Association, as follows :—" Nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to prevent delegates from colleges in which women are taught and graduated in medicine, and hospitals in which medical womengraduates attend, from being received into this Association." After a long and most exciting debate, the resolution was indefinitely postponed. Subsequently the subject was brought up in another form, a resolution being presented " that the American Medical Association acknowledges the right of its members to meet in consultation the graduates and teachers of Women's Medical Colleges, provided the code of ethics of the Association is observed." This resolution also met violent opposition, and was indefinitely postponed. The scientific discussions of the session were very meagre, both in the sections and in the Association. The members were most hospitably entertained by the profession and citizens of San Francisco, and though this, like other annual gatherings of the profession in this country, did little to advance the science of medicine, it did much to promote good feeling and strengthen the ties of professional fellowship.

                            New York, May, 1871.

                            --end excerpt

                            Beverly Cole's 1901 obituary:

                            The Transactions of the Medical Society of the State of California, Volume 31, April, 1901, pages 349-51
                            By Medical Society of the State of California

                            A biographic entry for Benjamin Howard which indicates an early interest in gynecology or pediatrics:

                            The Physicians and Surgeons of the United States (1878), page 675
                            edited by William Biddle Atkinson

                            HOWARD, BENJAMIN, New York city, graduated from the coll. of phys. and surg., New York, in 1858. He is a member of the N. Y. acad. of med., of the section of obstet. and diseases of women and children of the N. Y. acad. of med.; of the med. soc. of the co. of N. Y. He is now (Feb., 1878) in Europe. In 1870 he look the Am. med. asso. prize for an essay entitled "On the Treatment of Aneurism, with experiments for the Closure of Arteries by a New Method."

                            --end excerpt

                            Plate from Howard's 1871 winning essay. Apparently in 1871 lifeguards dressed in the style popularized by Abraham Lincoln.
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                            • #29
                              LC Lane. Cooper Medical College, Theodore Durrant

                              One of the members of the Prize Essay committee at the 1871 San Francsico American Medical Association convention which awarded a prize to Dr. Benjamin Howard was L. C. Lane. Dr Levi Cooper Lane was the founder of the Cooper Medical College in San Francisco. In April, 1895, a Cooper student, Theodore Durrant was arrested and charged with the murders of Blanche Lamont and Minnie Williams at the Emanuel Baptist Church. It was undoubtedly the intense interest in the Durrant case that made the Call's "Dr. Howard" story timely and resonant.

                              The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography Supplement I (New York: White, 1910), Page 341

                              LANE, Levi Cooper, surgeon, was born on a farm near Cincinnati, O., May 9, 1830, son of Ira and Hannah (Cooper) Lane, and grandson of Jesse and Hannah (Huddeston) Lane. His early education was chiefly acquired in private. At the age of sixteen he taught in the district schools of Butler county, and later he attended Farmer's College, and Union College and, although he did not take a full course, he subsequently received the degree of A.M. and the honorary degree of LL.D. from the latter. He studied medicine with his uncles, Drs. Esaias and Elias S. Cooper, and was graduated at the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pa., in 1851. In the same year he was appointed an interne at the New York state hospital, and four years later became assistant surgeon in the United States navy. He pursued his studies in medicine and surgery with unremitting vigor while in the navy, and on one of his voyages to Europe he obtained a furlough and took a course at the university of Gottingen. In 1861, having resigned from the navy, he joined his uncle, Dr. Elias S. Cooper, who had organized the first medical school on the Pacific coast, in San Francisco, Cal. Dr. Lane taught in this school and became thoroughly identified in spirit and action with his uncle's work until the latter's death in 1862. Early m 1875, to further increase his medical knowledge, he visited London, Edinburgh, Paris, Vienna, and Berlin, and after two years study received the degrees of M.R.C.S., England, and M.D. summa aim honore, Berlin. On his return to San Francisco he resuscitated the institution organized by his uncle, and in 1888 he founded its successor, Cooper Medical College. The buildings he erected from his earnings in his practice which with subsequent endowments approximated $500,000. He built as an addition Lane Hall, a large auditorium with laboratories and class rooms, and also the Lane hospital, the latter building being opened to the public in 1894. He also founded a yearly course of instruction, the Lane course of medical lectures, to be given by some eminent authority annually selected for his ability in some department of medical science. His last years were devoted to the work of Lane hospital and Cooper Medical College. His methods were simple and direct with clear-cut precision in everything. He devised many original operations in surgery, always seeking the best ways of perfecting the surgeon's art. In 1870 he was married to Pauline C. Sampson, of Massachusetts, and died childless at San Francisco, Feb. 18, 1902.

                              Account of the Durrant case, with pic.

                              Celebrated Criminal Cases of America (San Francisco: Barry, 1910), Pages 114-122
                              By Thomas Samuel Duke, Captain of Police, San Francisco

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                              • #30
                                Brief Follow-Up to Call Article

                                The San Francisco Call, April 27, 1895, Page 7, Column 1

                                CITY NEWS IN BRIEF


                                The CALL's article in regard to the identity of
                                London's "Jack the Ripper" was telegraphed
                                to New York and thence to London and to all
                                parts of Europe. A hint of this matter was
                                published in an English paper a few months
                                ago, but the full facts did not come out until
                                published in the CALL.

                                Attached Files