Asylum Records and photograph of Jacob Isenschmid(t)
You will find below the transcription for two periods of Jacob Isenschmid in Colney Hatch asylum. These cover the periods of incarceration of Isenschmid starting in 1887 and 1908.
I have to make it completely clear straight away that I did NOT do the work of obtaining these records. This was done by LYNN CATES who forwarded the records to me. All I have done is put them into a logical order and transcribe them.
Also note (in the light of a recent thread about the spelling of his name) that there is even variation within the two sets of Colney Hatch records. In the 1887 documents his surname is spelt ISENSCHMID, while those of 1908 add a T to make it ISENSCHIMDT.
The documents also included full face and profile photographs of Isenschmid taken in 1908 which I will post shortly.
Again, my thanks to Lynn to whom any credit is due in doing the work to access these documents.
Asylum records for Jacob Isenschmid
Registered No. of Admission: 10,191
Date of Admission: 24th September 1887 (Seen 7 Oct 1887)
Name: Jacob Isenschmid
Single, Married, or Widowed: Married
Condition and previous occupation: Pork butcher
Religious Persuasion: Church of England
If first Attack: Yes
When and where under previous care and Treatment: Never before under treatment
Duration of existing attack: About one month
Supposed cause: Unknown (Drink)
Whether subject to Epilepsy: No
Whether suicidal: No
Whether dangerous to Others: Yes
Name and abode of nearest known Relative, and degree of Relationship: Mary Isenschmid (Wife), 59 Elthorne Road, Holloway, N.
Facts specified in Medical Certificate upon which opinion of Insanity is founded:-
1. Facts indicating Insanity observed by Medical Man:
Says he can build a Church give him a shovel and cement, that he went on building for 6 days and 6 nights without rest, can lay over 2000 bricks a day and mix his own mortar. Says he can go several days without food. Says he shall be Member of Parliament soon. Talks with great excitement and violence.
2. Other facts indicating Insanity communicated to him by others:
Mary Isenschmid (Wife) 59 Elthorne Road - Threatened to kill his wife and children - writes threatening letters to his neighbours saying he will fire their homes and throw vitriol over them. Sometimes refuses food for days together - threatened to blow up the Queen with dynamite.
William Tennant Stansfield (Neighbour) Elthorne Road - He threatens to kill Mr Stansfield.
Name of certifying Medical Officer: John Alfred Gray, Islington Infirmary, Holloway.
FORM OF DISORDER.
A well nourished and powerfully built man of middle age and intelligent appearance, who is a native of Switzerland, but has lived in England for many years. On admission he is excited in manner and rather noisy; he is rambling and incoherent in his statements, and has grandiose delusions as to his abilities and prospects.
On admission patient is a very powerfully built man. Speaking with a foreign accent. He has many grandiose delusions and indeed his whole manner is excited. He appears to have led a very varied and wild life - he has fought with Garibaldi at Marengo and been in the French navy - at least this is his account. He speaks several languages. On examination his heart and lungs are healthy. His knee reflexes are normal, as are his other reflexes. There is no tremor of tongue but there is an occasional twitch of the facial muscles. G.
Sept. 26: Appetite very good. Works well in the ward. Is very amusing with his sayings which are a mixture of extreme surrender and exaltation.
Sept. 27: No change. G.
Oct. 12: Removed from G two or three days ago. Was supposed to be conspiring with another patient to attack the attendants. Is now quiet and well behaved but gives out the impression of the possibility of his becoming troublesome. D
Oct 17: Very quiet and well behaved in the ward. At times gives one the impression of being perhaps too quiet.
It is noticed now that the right side of his face is altogether different to the left. Whether this be due to malnourishment or in part to a general paralysis is doubtful.
There is decided loss of expression on the right side of his face and it appears altogether smaller than the left. His left ear is very markedly smaller than the right. His tongue is protruded slightly to the right. W11.
Nov 28. Quiet and well conducted and working very hard in the kitchen. Exceedingly sanguine.
Dec. 2: Discharge recovered.
Name: Jacob Isenschmidt
Age: 62 (66?)
Reg. No.: 15192
Case Book No.: 2
Religion: Church of England
Date of Admission: 7th September 1908
Date of Discharge: -
Patient is excited and talks absurdly, goes about dressed in shirt, blanket, and no stockings. Threatens to murder those about him.
Robert Dowse, Attendant, Islington Workhouse, states that patient threatens others with violence, that he has threatened to break the windows, and that he uses filthy language.
(Signed) Donald T Skeen
SUMMARY OF INQUIRY FORM:-
Present Illness - Onset - date and mode of - assigned cause - succession of symptoms:
Nov. 15 Daughter states that the family have seen very little of him since his discharge in 1903. She has seen him occasionally in the street, and he did not seem to be drinking. Never heard of any insanity in family.
GENERAL EXAMINATION - No bruises. Fairly well nourished.
Respiratory System - Symptoms.
Physical Signs - Nil.
Circulatory System - Symptoms: Nil.
Heart. Soft blowing systolic murmur at apex.
Alimentary System - Very few teeth left. Bowels and abdomen normal. Appetite poor.
Recurrent Mania II,8,C
Nervous and Muscular System:
1) Power and Co-ordination of movements in gait and station - Normal
2) Writing and speaking - Normal
3) Tremors, fits - Nil
Pupils - Size, equality, and reactions - Equal, sluggish
Control of sphincters - Normal
Superficial reflexes - Normal
Special senses and common sensibility - Normal
1) Behaviour and conduct as indicated in speech and action - Very excited and talkative.
2) Intelligence, comprehension, attention, memory recent and remote, reason, judgment - All fair.
3) The existence of hallucinations, delusions, illusions,impulses, and the nature and character of the same when present - Somewhat destructive, exceedingly garrulous and slightly incoherent.
Date of Order: 5th Sept. 08
Civil State: Married
Previous Address: St. John's Road Workhouse, Islington
If first attack: No
Age on first attack: Not known
When and where under previous treatment: C.H.A. (Colney Hatch Asylum)
Duration of existing attack: 5th Aug 1901 - 15 days (1 month written over)
Supposed cause: Not known (H. Drink)
Epileptic: Not known
Heredity: Not known (Father)
Address of relatives or friends: Wife Mary, 36 Despard Road, Islington
Previous Nos. and dates: No. 13709
4th Nov. 1902 Rec'd 11th July 1903
10191: 24/09/1887 to 02/12/1887
Grove Hall 24 Sept. 1888
Banstead about 1890
11417 15/10/1891 to 23/09/1892
12238 03/10/1895 to 26/09/1896
13089 05/06/1899 to 05/01/1900
Document from Islington:
Islington Workhouse, St. John's Road.
Sept 7th 1908
State of Jacob Isenschmidt, a patient removed from the above Workhouse on the 7th day of September 1908.
As to cleanliness - Clean
Bodily condition - Good
Progress of Case.
Sept. 14th: Very talkative but quieter - anxious to work - now in ordinary clothes having had three days of strong clothing and bedding.
Sept. 21st: was transferred to (Ward) 12 on the 16th and was tried at work on the farm but was a failure as he interfered with everybody. Too excited for 12 so he was transferred to 11 on the 20th.
Sept. 28th: Still very garrulous but not so interfering - good health.
Oct. 5th: Still talkative - but not so troublesome and to be transferred to 12 ward tomorrow in order that he may once more start work. Good health.
Nov. 5th: No change. Very garrulous. Tears clothes at times. Does some work.
Dec. 7th: Slightly quieter and removed to ward 13. Works on the farm but is still easily put out by very small things. Health fair.
Jan. 7th: At present very noisy and excitable, rushing round the Court with his trousers rolled up. Good health.
April 7th: No change - irritable and noisy at times - potters about with work. Fair health.
June 7th: Remains as above - noisy, garrulous - abusive, collects rubbish. Fair health.
Sept. 7th: Garrulous - noisy - very silly - fair health.
Dec. 9th: No change - extremely garrulous and interfering - picks up stones, says they are diamonds, very untidy - stuffs his pockets with rubbish - fair health (13).
5 March: Has developed a temp. of 103.6 degrees, pain in right side with diminished breath sounds. Bloodstained sputum. Cough, rapid respiration, vomiting. Moved to C.5.
9 March: Patient died at 10.05 p.m. yesterday.
To the Medical Superintendent of the asylum of Colney Hatch.
LONDON COUNTY ASYLUM, COLNEY HATCH.
NOTICE OF DEATH.
Date of Reception Order, the 5th day of September 1908
I hereby give notice that Jacob Isenschmidt, a pauper patient, received into this asylum on the 7th day of September 1908, died therein on the 8th day of March 1910.
Clerk of the London County Lunatic Asylum, Colney Hatch.
Dated the 9th day of March 1910.
To the Coroner of the Central Division of the County of Middlesex.
STATEMENT RESPECTING THE ABOVE NAME PATIENT.
NAME: Jacob Isenschmidt
Sex and Age: Male 63 years
Married, Single or Widowed: Married
Profession or Occupation: Butcher
Place of abode immediately before being placed under care and treatment: St. John's Road Workhouse, Islington, N.
Apparent Cause of Death: 1) Recurrent mania 2) Lobar pneumonia and exhaustion. Natural causes.
Whether or not ascertained by Post Mortem Examination: Yes
Time and any unusual circumstances attending the death: 10.05 p.m. NIL
Duration of disease of which Patient died: 1) Over 1 year and 5 months 2) 4 days
Name and description of persons present at death: E J Wrenn Night Attendant
Whether or not mechanical restraint applied within 7 days previous to death: No
I hereby certify that the particulars contained in the above statement are true.
W J Seward (?) M.B. Medical Officer
Wife: Mrs. M. Isenschmidt, 10 Lysander Grove, Upper Holloway, N.
Daughter: M. Isenschmidt, 36 Despard Road, Highgate, N.
Index card attached:
name: Jacob Isenschmidt
Cause of death by P.M.: Acute lobar pneumonia
(Signed) R Turnbull
You are more than welcome:-)
There are many points of interest here but one that struck me was that for his final period in Colney Hatch, Isenschmidt was transferred from the place where Roslyn D'Onston died - the workhouse at St John's Road, Islington
One thing I can add is a copy of the 1867 marriage certificate.
This reads as follows:
Marriage solemnized at St Barnabas's Church in the Parish of St Luke in the County of Middlesex
When Married: 26 December 1867
Name: Jacob Isenschmid
Rank or Profession: Butcher
Residence at time of marriage: 41 Bath Street
Father's Name: Bending Isenschmid
Rank or Profession of Father: Farmer
Name: Mary Ann Joyce
Residence at time of marriage: 98 Old Street
Father's Name: Richard Joyce
Rank or Profession of Father: Farmer
Frederick Augustus Lewington
This includes Isenschmid's signature and details about his father and, of course, details about his wife.
Hello Phil. Funny you should mention Albert Fish. I use him as an example in my Ethics classes.
Like Fish, Isenschmid was, by his wife's account, an avid Bible reader. If Isenschmid did commit an act of violence, it may have been in a delusional state. When in his right senses, he looks a kindly man.