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Old 05-27-2017, 06:30 PM
TradeName TradeName is offline
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Another interesting person connected with the Chicago Times-Herald in 1895 was editorial writer Margaret F. Sullivan, wife of the Irish leader Alexander Sullivan. I'm not sure if she was there when the R. J. Lees article appeared (4/1895).

The Ridpath library of universal Literature (New York: Fifth Avenue Libray Society, 1899), Vol XXII, Pages 85-86, alternate link

SULLIVAN, Margaret Frances, an American
journalist, a native of Tyrone, Ireland, was
brought to this country in infancy. Having
received a classical and general education in public
and private schools at Detroit, she entered the
profession of teaching, which she abandoned for
journalism, becoming an editorial writer on the
daily press of Chicago, and, on occasion, for the
New York Sun and Boston Herald, her topics including
international affairs, tariff, finance, and the
arts. She was one of the editorial cabinet of the
Chicago Herald, and at times acted as chief of the
editorial staff of the Times-Herald. She wrote a
number of the articles in the supplemental volumes
of the American edition of the Encyclopedia
Britannica. She has contributed to the Century
Magazine, Lippincotts, the North American Review,
and other periodicals, American and foreign.
She was married in 1874 to Alexander Sullivan.

In 1889 Mrs. Sullivan was sent as special cable
correspondent of the Associated Press to the
Universal Exhibition, Paris, and, at the inaugural, was
the only foreign correspondent admitted to the
hall reserved for officials and diplomats, being
honored with a seat in line with President Carnot.
Her first dispatch of 6,000 words, depicting the
opening scene, and characterizing the exhibitioa
ia general, and, at weekly intervals, four
subsequent ones of 3,000 words each, descriptive and
critical, devoted to the several great departments,
were printed in all the leading newspapers of the
United States, and commanded approval in Europe.
Mrs. Sullivan has published Ireland of Tosday (1881),
and with Mary E. Blake, Mexico, Picturesque, Political,
and Progressive (i888).


Daily True American (Trenton, NJ), June 12, 1889, Page 2

Notes from the Capital

Certain Persons Recently Made Unpleasantly Prominent

Alexander M. Sullivan--
His Literary Wife--
The Killing of Principal Hanford--
Women WHo Can Keep Secrets--
Prominent Men Who Have "Doubles."

by Walter Wellman

WASHINGTON, June 6,--Alexander Sullivan, of Chicago is well known in
Washington, where he sometimes appears on business connected with Irish
affairs or his law practice. Sullivan is a remarkable man. About 40 years old,
he has a face smooth and bright like that of a boy. His eye is very keen, and
posesses the quality when fixed upon one of making obvious the man's force of
character and wonderful strength of purpose. He is always calm and well
poised, and even in the heat of a court trial or of a fierce struggle in Irish
conventions or secret society was never known to lose the cool and almost cruel
equanimity which is his predominant outward trait. He has a striking gift
for diplomacy and intrigue, and in his time has played a most important part
in the Irish agitation, which assuredly is the remarkable thing of its sort in
this century, possessing, as it does, more pertinacity and continuity of purpose,
and unfortunately some of the bloodthirstiness as well as the self sacrificing
spirirt of the Anarchist movement in Russia. For several years Sullivan has
been the head and front of Irish agitation in America. It is well known that
he has been the brain or idea impelling power of nearly all the
recent activities in that direction in this country. As president of the
Irish National League of America he was close to Parnell, and is personally known
to all the great agitators on the other side of the water. Mr. Sullivan resigned
the presidency of the National league to take part in the presidential campaign
of 1884, being a strong admirer and warm friend of Mr. Blaine. He took
the ground that he had no right to participate in a political campaign while
acting as president of an orgainization which embraced men of all parties. Perhaps
his friendship for Blaine arose in the fact that he was born in Mr. Blaine's
state of Maine. He was also a friend of Horace Greeley's and left the Republican
party to support the Greeley movement in 1872. Before that he had
stumped the state of Michigan for the constitutional amendment giving negroes
the right of suffrage, and was an active Abolitionist. As a lawyer he stands high
in Chicago, and as a man and citizen is well respected, though by many thought
dangerously zealous in the Irish cause and somewhat prone to carry his points
at all hazards. Whatever troubles his connection with Irish agitation may lead
him into, the fact will remain that he is a strong, a remarkable man, one who in
the romantic era would have ruled the state or overturned a dynasty.

Not less remarkable than Sullivan himself is his wife, Margaret. She is a woman
of broad culture, and one of the most brilliant writers in America. Her husband
earns eight or ten thousand dollars a year as a lawyer, and this is supplemented by
his wife's income from her pen, surely as much more. In the field of art or
literary criticism she is the foremost writer in Chicago or the west, and for
some time has written the foreign and many other editorials in two or three
leading papers of Chicago. Her word pictures of the national conventions of
1884 and 1888 attracted attention the country over, and she used her wonderfully
facile pen on the inauguration of President Harrison and the welcome to
Mr. Blaine in New York harbor. She does what probably he husband dare
not do, travel in Great Britain and Europe, and thence she has sent some
remarkable letters.

She is now in Paris writing cable letters to the New York Associated Press,
and some of her descriptions have become the theme for innumerable editorials
on both sides the Atlantic. Some years ago she interviewed Gladstone and
described his home life in a manner which made her name known wherever
the English language is spoken. Though a woman of refined feelings and delicate
manners, she has a head for practical affairs as good as that of her husband.
Alexander Sullivan never takes an important step without first consulting his
wife. She is every bit as much a diplomat as he, and Secretary Blaine once
said id she were a man he would like to send her as minister to one of the
capitals of Europe.

That a woman can keep a secret no longer needs exemplification, since women
lawyers, physcicians, journalists and politicians are playing so important a part
in modern activities with mouths closed as tightly as those of their brethern, but if
deomnstration were needed it could be found in the case of Mrs. Sullivan. When Patrick
Egan discovered the information which led to the expose of the forger and perjurer Pigott
he at once consulted Mr. Sullivan. In a few days four persons, and only four, knew
that Pigott was standing over a volcano whose eruption would be heard around
the world. These four were Sullivan, Egan, a Chicago Catholic priest, who
carried a packet to Parnell in London, and Mrs. Sullivan. After the priest had
sailed from New York, with the precious packet containing the evidence strapped
to his body, one other person was intrusted with the secret. This one, Benjamin
Harrison by name, kept it well, but no better than did the woman, for
during four weeks not a soul but these five on this side the Atlantic, and not
more than half a dozen of the other side, knew aught of the impending sensation.

Eight or ten years ago [1876] Mrs. Sullivan was a teacher in the public schools of
Chicago. A fellow teacher [Francis Hanford], a principal of the school, was said to have made
some uncomplemenatary remarks about Mrs. Sullivan. These remarks reaching
her ears, she called upon her husband for vindication. With his wife Mr. Sullivan
called at the home of the principal, where the parties to the dispute met upon the
lawn. Some words followed, and then blows, resulting a few seconds later in
the shooting and killing of the principal by Sullivan. From the prominence of
the parties this affair created a sensation scarcely second in interest to the Cronin
case, and the trial was closely followed by all the people of the city. Mr. Sullivan
was acquitted on the ground of self defense. Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan have no
children, and are much devoted to each other.



The Review of Reviews, Volume 11, June, 1895, Pages 646-665

Chicago Newspapers and Their Makers
by Willis J. Abbot

Pages 653-654


Early in 1895 Mr. [James W.] Scott, with the aid of a few powerful financial friends, purchased the Chicago Herald and the Evening Post from John E. Walsh. At the same time Henry W. Hawley, a young and successful journalist, who had made a notable record as proprietor of the Denver Times, purchased Adolf Kraus' interest in the Chicago Times and became sole proprietor of that paper. Under the joint management of Messrs. Kraus and Hawley the Times had made great gains in circulation and prestige, but was still unprofitable. The idea of consolidating the two newspapers occurred to Messrs. Scott and Hawley at almost the same moment, and was swiftly carried into effect, Mr. Hawley becoming managing editor of the Times-Herald. The combination was quickly shown to have been a wise one. The new paper was put at a stroke on a par with Chicago's model—-the Tribune—-and the marked gain in its advertising receipts showed the favor with which the move was regarded by the business community. But, as so frequently happens, the issue showed that ambition realized was for Mr. Scott only the prelude to the end for him of all things earthly. Six weeks after attaining that for which he had striven for years—-the ownership of a great morning daily—-he died suddenly in New York, whither he had gone for rest too long delayed. A week later Chicago was electrified by the news that H. H. Kohlsaat, a lifelong active Republican, had bought the consolidated papers, thus leaving the Democrats of Chicago and the whole Northwest without an organ. The issue of this singular enterprise is still in doubt, and it is not too much to say that the whole world of journalism is watching for its outcome. In business life and as proprietor of the Inter-Ocean Mr. Kohlsaat gave abundant evidence of audacity. Some of his big real estate "deals" dazzled veteran Chicago speculators, and his expedients in pushing the Inter-Ocean to the front were the wonder of the newspaper community. Never, however, did he essay anything so audacious as the editorship of the great Democratic daily of the Northwest. Himself a strong Republican, an earnest advocate of protection, a close friend and supporter of Governor McKinley, he can scarcely complain if Democrats receive with doubt his protestations that the Times-Herald is to be purely independent under his management, and await proof. Many of the difficulties in Mr. Kohlsaat's situation will be overcome by the force of his personality. Few men enjoy more wide popularity; few stand so well with the business community, none have been more popular wiih their associates and employees. Possessing in a notable degree many of the best qualities of Mr. Scott, who was his close friend from their schoolboy days together in Galena, Mr. Kohlsaat is—-if the question of politics be waived—-the fittest man to succeed to Mr. Scott's editorial chair.

The editorial staff of the Times-Herald is to-day second to none in Chicago. The managing editor, Cornelius McAuliffe, is a marvel of industry and a paragon of discretion. He conducted the Evening Post from the day of its foundation until the day when H. W. Hawley retired from the managing editorship of the Times-Herald. Of Mrs. Margaret F. Sullivan, the chief editorial writer, fitting characterization is made elsewhere in this article, as also of Mrs. Holden—-known widely by her pen name "Amber." Maj. Moses P. Handy and Miss Kate Field are among the special writers who have been added to the staff since Mr. Kohlsaat's accession to power. Walter Wellman, the Washington correspondent of the Times-Herald, is a veteran in its service and has carried its banner in such remote regions as the Arctic zone, whither he went in search of the Pole, and the Windward Islands, where he sought for the first landing place of Columbus. The places of less prominence, but equal value to the paper, are all creditably filled by men who accept cheerfully the hard lot which compels the sacrifice of personal identity to the service of the paper.

Page 664


Many women have made notable successes in Chicago journalism. One of the most widely known of them is Mrs. Margaret F. Sullivan, a lady of Irish birth, the wife of Alexander Sullivan, the widely known lawyer and Irish politician, and now an editorial writer on the Times-Herald. Mrs. Sullivan's first journalistic experience was upon the old Evening Post under Dr. C. H. Ray, who had been impressed by some editorials she had been contributing through a third party, and offered her a position without ever having seen her or even having suspected that the writer of such vigorous articles on abstruse themes was a woman. In turn she wrote for the Tribune, the Times and the Herald, being engaged by Horace White, Wilbur F. Storey and Martin J. Russell--all skilled editorial writers themselves, whose commendation is as convincing a stamp of approval as could be desired. Mrs. Sullivan reported the opening of the Paris exposition of 1889 for the Associated Press and was the only woman and only press representative on the floor of the Beaux Arts Building that day. She also supplied the New York Tribune with letters from Paris and, when the exposition had become an old story, went over to London to do the Parnell trial for the New York Sun. Besides constant newspaper work she has written two books, "Ireland of To-day" and, in collaboration with Mary E. Blake, "Mexico, Picturesque, Political and Progressive." Perhaps the highest compliment ever paid a newspaper writer was the inclusion of Mrs. Sullivan's unsigned report of the Chicago Republican convention of 1884 in the first edition of Bryce's "American Commonwealth" as the most graphic picture possible of an American political convention.

No woman writer of Chicago has so large a personal following as Mrs. M. E. Holden, "Amber," who has been called "the Fanny Fern of the West and the B. F. Taylor among women." She is a native of Hartford, N. Y., near the Vermont boundary line. Her father was a Baptist clergyman of remarkable eloquence. 1' Amber" first attracted attention by a series of brilliant letters in the Chicago Evening Journal. Her work for that paper continued until she transferred her pen to the Herald, where she now, under the title of "Musings," continues to write bright, cheering, chatty thoughts that help to lighten the hearts of thousands of women readers. Miss Frances E. Willard wrote of "Amber:" "She has bubbled up and over into a thousand sparkling pages; strewn charming metaphors with positive recklessness, and given a tone of home life and a color of warm hearth glow to all her scenes that must purify and comfort every one who reads." The late James W. Scott said once to the writer that the writings of " Amber " brought more correspondence into the office than any other feature of the paper, and that omission of her matter was always productive of a great volume of those protests from subscribers by which an editor is apt to gauge the popularity of a regular feature.


Alexander Sullivan figures prominently in Henri Le Caron's account of his career as a spy for Robert Anderson.

Twenty-five Years in the Secret Service: The Recollections of a Spy (London: William Heinemann,1892), link
by Henri Le Caron

It's an odd coincidence that a dispatch about the death of le Caron says that he had been living under the name Dr. Howard.

New York Times, April 3, 1894, PDF link

Le Caron Had a pension

London, April 2.--Major Le Caron, the
British Governemnt spy, who died yesterday,
ever after the close of the proceedings
of the Parnell Commission, before
which he gave testimony, received an annuity
of £1,000 from one of the interests
which endeavored to prove the charges
against the Irish leader. He resided
in kensington under the name of Dr.
Howard, and was guarded day and night
by detectives to prevent his assassination
by those whose hatred he earned by his
testimony against Parnell and his associates.
It is understood that his life was insured
for a large sum under the agreement
by which he entered the witness box
against Parnell. The immediate cause of
his death was an internal tumor.

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Old 06-12-2017, 07:02 PM
TradeName TradeName is offline
Join Date: Oct 2009
Posts: 576

I don't want to make too much of this, but an odd letter to the editor caught my attention.

The Daily News (London), November 6, 1888, Page 6, Column 6

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The things that seemed odd to me were that "the children" was in quotes, that the author seemed to imply some personal contact with "the head of the police", and the signature "GOGMAGOG".

The signature seems to be a reference to two wooden statutes in the Guildhall which represent characters from a mythical story of the settlement of Britain.

Gog and Magog: The Giants in Guildhall; Their Real and Legendary History (London: James Camden Hotten, 1859), link
by Frederick William Fairholt

Pages 6-11

In the old days when the inventions of the Monkish Chronicler, or the still more fanciful Romancist, or Minstrel Bard, were seriously listened to as history; it became part of the popular belief that the original name of London was New Troy, and that it was founded by Brute or Brutus, the younger son of Anthenor of Troy; who, when thay city was sacked by the Greeks, fled to Italy, and founded the city of Pavia, from whence his son in search of new conquests, voyaged around the Spanish and Franch coasts, obtained the aid of the Gauls to invade Britain, and landed in the port where now Southampton stands.

Let us now see by whom he was opposed. Caxton, in his Chronicle of England, seriously prints, what the old authors as seriously wrote, about the first peopling of this island. It is to this effect. The Emperor Dioclesian had three and thirty self-willed daughters, of whose management he was at last relieved by obtaining for them as many husbands. But the ladies did not pleasantly submit to the rule of their lords, and agreed among themselves to regain their lost liberties by each cutting her husband's jthroat. The deed was effected, and the Emperor their father, driven to despair of managing so refractory a family, to punish their crimes, and rid himself of their presence, sent all to sea in one vessel with half a year's provisions. After long sailing they reached an island, which they made their residence, and named Albion, after the name of the eldest lady. The Evil One, who never lost sight of them, created visionary husbands for these ladies, who became the mothers of "horrible giants," and they ruled in the land until the advent of Brutus.

We now arrive at "the veritable history" of our Guildhall Giants, included in his invasion, as thus given in the history of the Trojan wars, sold cheaply to the people as late as 1735. The Giant son of the above lady in this version names our Island.

"Brute, having thus got footing in Britain, was preparing to improve the same, when Albion, who had named this island after his own name,-óby which it is sometimes called at this day,ó-having intelligence thereof, raised his whole power, being men of a gigantick stature, and vast strength, and bearing for their arms huge clubs of knotty oak, battle axes, whirlbats of iron, and globes full of spikes, fastened to a long pole by a chain; and with these encountering Brute, a bloody battle was fought, wherein the Trojans were worsted and many of them slain, and their whole army was forced to retire.

"Brute hereupon considering the disadvantage between his men and the giants, devised a stratagem to overthrow them, digging in the night a very long and deep trench, at the bottom impaling it with sharp stakes, and covering it with boughs and rotten hurdles, on which he caused to be laid dried leaves and earth, only leaving some firm passages, well known to his men by particular marks.

"This being done, he dared the giants to a second battle, which Albion readily accepted; and the fight being begun, after some dispute, Brute seemed to retire; whereupon the giants pressed on him with great fury; and the Trojans retiring nimbly beyond their trench, made a stand, and ply'd them with a shower of darts and arrows, which manner of fight they were unacquainted with, whereby many of them were slain. However, Albion encouraging his men to come to handy strokes with their enemies, they rushed forward, and the vanguard immediately perished in the trenches; and the Trojans continuing to shoot their arrows very thick, the giants were put to flight, and pursued into Cornwall; where, in another bloody fight, Albion was slain by Brute, fighting hand to hand; and his two brothers, Gog and Magog, giants of huge stature, were taken prisoners and led in triumph to the place where now London stands, and upon those risings on the side of the river Thames, founded a city, which he called Troy-novant, or New Troy, and building a palace where Guildhall stands, caused the two giants to be chained to the gate of it, as porters. In memory of which it is held that their effigies, after their deaths, were set up as they now appear in Guildhall."

Pages 13-15

In the old tragedy of Locrine, once attributed to Shakespeare, the same story is detailed, and "stately Troynovant" mentioned as the principal city of Albion, and the burial place of Brute, or Brutus, after his life of adventure. The victory over the giants is alluded to by him in the first scene of this play, where he details the history of his wanderings from Troy, until

"------- ------- upon the strands of Albion
To Corns haven happily we came,
And quell'd the giants, come of Albion's race,
With Gogmagog, son to Samotheus,
The cursed captain of that damned crew."

The name therefore of one of these giants has been split into two, and we now call one Gog and the other Magog. The names originally were Gogmagog and Corineus. The name is still preserved in its purity as a designation to the Gogmagog hills in Cambridgeshire. The oldest figure in our Guildhall is supposed to represent Gogmagog, the younger Corineus.

Corineus is one of the principal characters in the tragedy just quoted, and one of the two brothers of Brutus who are companions in his wanderings and his fortunes, thus narrates his own prowess:

"When first I followed thee, and thine, brave King,
I hazarded my life and dearest blood,
To purchase favor at your princely hands,
And for the same in dangerous attempts,
In sundry conflicts, and in divers broils,
I shew'd the courage of my manly mind:
For this I combated with Gathelus,
The brother to Goffarius of Gaul;
For this I fought with furious Gogmagog,
A savage captain of a savage crew;
And for these deeds brave Cornwall I receiv'd,
A grateful gift given by a grateful King;
And for this gift, this life and dearest blood
Will Corineus spend for Brutus' sake."

Now as every national hero in the old time was popularly endowed with gigantic stature, these figures appear to represent the conqueror and the conquered. Their dress, too, would seem to warrant this supposition; as Gogmagog is armed in accordance with the old tale, while Corineus is habited after the Roman mode, as conventionally depicted at the time of their manufacture.


Fairholt references this work.

Ancient Mysteries Described: Especially the English miracle Plays (London: 1823), Pages 262-276
by William Hone

XI. The Giants in Guildhall

A later article.

The City of London School Magazine, September, 1882, Pages 105-109

A Paper on Giants in General and Gog and Magog in Particular

October, 1882, Pages 129-134

A Paper on Giants in General and Gog and Magog in Particular
by I. Gollancz
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